European Red List of Birds

The European Red List of Birds is a review of the regional extinction risk of all 544 species of birds occurring regularly and naturally in Europe. The assessment, performed by BirdLife International for the fourth time (1994, 2004, 2015 and 2021), follows the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria applied at regional level, and is funded by the European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment.

Evaluating the extinction risk of each species – i.e., Least Concern, Near Threatened or threatened, and if the latter, to what level – helps to inform decision making, shaping national and international environmental policies and on-the-ground conservation action. The results presented in this report are based on information collated by thousands of experts and volunteers from 54 countries and territories across Europe, extending from Greenland, Iceland and Svalbard in the North to the Canary Islands, Malta and Cyprus in the South, and from the Azores in the West to the Caucasus and Ural Mountains in the East.

Data include also the official reports submitted by EU Member States to the European Commission under Article 12 of the Birds Directive in 2019, while similar data were sourced from BirdLife Partners and collaborating experts in other European countries. Additional sources such as scientific reports, national atlases and Red Data Books, as well as peer-reviewed literature were also used to make sure the most recent data available were used.

As part of the European Red List update, in 2020 BirdLife International has assessed also the population status of birds in the EU27+UK, based on the Member States reports under Article 12 of the Birds Directive. An overview of the results of the EU population status assessment has been presented in the “State of Nature in the EU” report published by the European Environmental Agency.

The table below provides links to factsheets containing detailed information on each species at both European and EU level, including their Red List Category and Criteria (at both regional scales), population size and trend, geographic distribution, habitat and ecology, major threats and conservation measures.

More detailed discussion of the results can be found in the European Red List of Birds publication (BirdLife International 2021).

BirdLife International (2021) European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.


Species list (544 species)

Order taxonomically | Order alphabetically by scientific name | Order alphabetically by common name
Order by European Red List category | Order by EU27+UK Red List category

Download species list in Excel

Scientific Name Common Name European Red List Category
EU27+UK Red List Category
Acanthis flammea Redpoll LC LC
Accipiter badius Shikra NT N/A
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk LC LC
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk LC LC
Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk LC LC
Acrocephalus agricola Paddyfield Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus dumetorum Blyth's Reed-warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus melanopogon Moustached Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus paludicola Aquatic Warbler VU NT
Acrocephalus palustris Marsh Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus scirpaceus Common Reed-warbler LC LC
Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper LC LC
Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tit LC LC
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl LC LC
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture LC LC
Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark LC LC
Alauda leucoptera White-winged Lark LC N/A
Alaudala rufescens Lesser Short-toed Lark LC LC
Alca torda Razorbill LC LC
Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher LC LC
Alectoris barbara Barbary Partridge LC LC
Alectoris chukar Chukar LC LC
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge NT NT
Alectoris rufa Red-legged Partridge NT NT
Alle alle Little Auk LC NE
Ammomanes deserti Desert Lark EN N/A
Ammoperdix griseogularis See-see Partridge VU N/A
Anas acuta Northern Pintail VU EN
Anas crecca Common Teal LC LC
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard LC LC
Anhinga rufa African Darter RE N/A
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose LC LC
Anser anser Greylag Goose LC LC
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose LC LC
Anser caerulescens Snow Goose LC N/A
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose VU CR
Anser fabalis Bean Goose LC VU
Anthropoides virgo Demoiselle Crane EN N/A
Anthus berthelotii Berthelot's Pipit LC LC
Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit LC LC
Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit LC EN
Anthus gustavi Pechora Pipit CR (PE) N/A
Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit LC N/A
Anthus petrosus Rock Pipit LC LC
Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit LC LC
Anthus spinoletta Water Pipit LC LC
Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit LC LC
Apus affinis Little Swift NT VU
Apus apus Common Swift NT NT
Apus caffer White-rumped Swift NT NT
Apus pallidus Pallid Swift LC LC
Apus unicolor Plain Swift LC LC
Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle VU VU
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle LC LC
Aquila fasciata Bonelli's Eagle LC LC
Aquila heliaca Eastern Imperial Eagle LC NT
Aquila nipalensis Steppe Eagle CR N/A
Ardea alba Great White Egret LC LC
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron LC LC
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron LC LC
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron LC LC
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone LC EN
Argya altirostris Iraq Babbler NT N/A
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl LC LC
Asio otus Northern Long-eared Owl LC LC
Athene noctua Little Owl LC LC
Aythya ferina Common Pochard VU VU
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck NT VU
Aythya marila Greater Scaup LC EN
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck LC LC
Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing LC LC
Bonasa bonasia Hazel Grouse LC VU
Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern LC LC
Branta bernicla Brent Goose LC LC
Branta canadensis Canada Goose LC N/A
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose LC LC
Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose VU VU
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl LC LC
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl LC CR
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret LC LC
Bucanetes githagineus Trumpeter Finch LC LC
Bucanetes mongolicus Mongolian Finch LC N/A
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye LC LC
Bucephala islandica Barrow's Goldeneye NT N/A
Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel LC LC
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee LC LC
Buteo buteo Eurasian Buzzard LC LC
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard LC VU
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard LC LC
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark LC LC
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur LC VU
Calidris alba Sanderling LC LC
Calidris alpina Dunlin LC LC
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper LC N/A
Calidris canutus Red Knot LC LC
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper VU VU
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper VU VU
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper LC NT
Calidris minuta Little Stint LC LC
Calidris pugnax Ruff NT NT
Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint LC NT
Calliope calliope Siberian Rubythroat LC N/A
Calonectris borealis Cory's Shearwater LC LC
Calonectris diomedea Scopoli's Shearwater LC LC
Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar LC LC
Caprimulgus ruficollis Red-necked Nightjar NT NT
Carduelis carduelis European Goldfinch LC LC
Carduelis citrinella Citril Finch LC LC
Carduelis corsicana Corsican Finch LC LC
Carpodacus erythrinus Common Rosefinch LC NT
Carpodacus rubicilla Great Rosefinch LC N/A
Carpospiza brachydactyla Pale Sparrow LC N/A
Catharacta skua Great Skua LC LC
Cecropis daurica Red-rumped Swallow LC LC
Cepphus grylle Black Guillemot LC LC
Cercotrichas galactotes Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin LC LC
Certhia brachydactyla Short-toed Treecreeper LC LC
Certhia familiaris Eurasian Treecreeper LC LC
Ceryle rudis Pied Kingfisher VU N/A
Cettia cetti Cetti's Warbler LC LC
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover LC LC
Charadrius asiaticus Caspian Plover EN N/A
Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover LC LC
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover LC LC
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sandplover NT CR
Chersophilus duponti Dupont's Lark VU VU
Chlamydotis macqueenii Asian Houbara CR (PE) N/A
Chlamydotis undulata African Houbara VU VU
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern LC LC
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern LC LC
Chlidonias niger Black Tern LC LC
Chloris chloris European Greenfinch LC LC
Ciconia ciconia White Stork LC LC
Ciconia nigra Black Stork LC LC
Cinclus cinclus White-throated Dipper LC LC
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle LC LC
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier LC LC
Circus cyaneus Hen Harrier LC VU
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier LC EN
Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier LC VU
Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola LC LC
Clamator glandarius Great Spotted Cuckoo VU VU
Clanga clanga Greater Spotted Eagle VU CR
Clanga pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle LC LC
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck LC LC
Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch LC LC
Columba bollii Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon LC LC
Columba junoniae White-tailed Laurel-pigeon NT NT
Columba livia Rock Dove LC LC
Columba oenas Stock Dove LC LC
Columba palumbus Common Woodpigeon LC LC
Columba trocaz Madeira Laurel-pigeon LC LC
Coracias garrulus European Roller LC LC
Corvus corax Common Raven LC LC
Corvus corone Carrion Crow LC LC
Corvus frugilegus Rook VU LC
Corvus monedula Eurasian Jackdaw LC LC
Coturnix coturnix Common Quail NT LC
Crex crex Corncrake LC NT
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo LC LC
Cuculus optatus Oriental Cuckoo LC N/A
Curruca balearica Balearic Warbler LC LC
Curruca cantillans Subalpine Warbler LC LC
Curruca communis Common Whitethroat LC LC
Curruca conspicillata Spectacled Warbler LC LC
Curruca crassirostris Eastern Orphean Warbler LC LC
Curruca curruca Lesser Whitethroat LC LC
Curruca hortensis Western Orphean Warbler LC LC
Curruca melanocephala Sardinian Warbler LC LC
Curruca melanothorax Cyprus Warbler LC LC
Curruca mystacea Menetries's Warbler LC N/A
Curruca nana Asian Desert Warbler VU N/A
Curruca nisoria Barred Warbler LC LC
Curruca ruppeli Rüppell's Warbler LC LC
Curruca sarda Marmora's Warbler LC LC
Curruca subalpina Moltoni's Warbler LC LC
Curruca undata Dartford Warbler NT NT
Cursorius cursor Cream-coloured Courser NT NT
Cyanecula svecica Bluethroat LC LC
Cyanistes caeruleus Eurasian Blue Tit LC LC
Cyanistes cyanus Azure Tit NT N/A
Cyanistes teneriffae African Blue Tit LC LC
Cyanopica cooki Iberian Azure-winged Magpie LC LC
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan VU VU
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan LC LC
Cygnus olor Mute Swan LC LC
Delichon urbicum Northern House Martin LC LC
Dendrocopos leucotos White-backed Woodpecker LC LC
Dendrocopos major Great Spotted Woodpecker LC LC
Dendrocopos syriacus Syrian Woodpecker LC LC
Dryobates minor Lesser Spotted Woodpecker LC NT
Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker LC LC
Egretta garzetta Little Egret LC LC
Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite LC LC
Emberiza aureola Yellow-breasted Bunting CR CR
Emberiza bruniceps Red-headed Bunting LC N/A
Emberiza buchanani Grey-necked Bunting LC N/A
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting LC LC
Emberiza calandra Corn Bunting LC LC
Emberiza cia Rock Bunting LC LC
Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting NT EN
Emberiza cirlus Cirl Bunting LC LC
Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer LC LC
Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting LC NT
Emberiza leucocephalos Pine Bunting RE N/A
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting LC LC
Emberiza pallasi Pallas's Bunting LC N/A
Emberiza pusilla Little Bunting LC LC
Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting LC LC
Emberiza schoeniclus Reed Bunting LC LC
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark LC NT
Erithacus rubecula European Robin LC LC
Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel LC LC
Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon NT EN
Falco cherrug Saker Falcon EN EN
Falco columbarius Merlin VU VU
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon LC LC
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel LC LC
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon LC LC
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon LC EN
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby LC LC
Falco tinnunculus Common Kestrel LC LC
Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon VU VU
Ficedula albicollis Collared Flycatcher LC LC
Ficedula hypoleuca European Pied Flycatcher LC LC
Ficedula parva Red-breasted Flycatcher LC LC
Ficedula semitorquata Semi-collared Flycatcher LC LC
Francolinus francolinus Black Francolin LC LC
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin EN LC
Fringilla coelebs Common Chaffinch LC LC
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling LC LC
Fringilla polatzeki Gran Canaria Blue Chaffinch EN EN
Fringilla teydea Tenerife Blue Chaffinch NT NT
Fulica atra Common Coot NT LC
Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot CR CR
Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar VU EN
Galerida cristata Crested Lark LC LC
Galerida theklae Thekla's Lark LC LC
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe VU LC
Gallinago media Great Snipe LC VU
Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe NT N/A
Gallinago stenura Pintail Snipe LC N/A
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen LC LC
Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay LC LC
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon VU N/A
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon LC LC
Gavia immer Common Loon LC LC
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon LC LC
Gelochelidon nilotica Common Gull-billed Tern LC LC
Geronticus eremita Northern Bald Ibis RE N/A
Glareola nordmanni Black-winged Pratincole LC RE
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole LC NT
Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy-owl LC LC
Grus grus Common Crane LC LC
Gulosus aristotelis European Shag LC LC
Gymnoris xanthocollis Chestnut-shouldered Bush-sparrow LC N/A
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture NT VU
Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture LC LC
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher VU VU
Halcyon smyrnensis White-breasted Kingfisher VU N/A
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle LC LC
Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle LC LC
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt LC LC
Hippolais icterina Icterine Warbler LC LC
Hippolais languida Upcher's Warbler LC N/A
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler LC LC
Hippolais polyglotta Melodious Warbler LC LC
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow LC LC
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck LC N/A
Hydrobates castro Band-rumped Storm-petrel LC LC
Hydrobates leucorhous Leach's Storm-petrel NT VU
Hydrobates monteiroi Monteiro's Storm-petrel VU VU
Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm-petrel LC LC
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull LC LC
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern LC LC
Iduna caligata Booted Warbler LC LC
Iduna opaca Isabelline Warbler LC LC
Iduna pallida Olivaceous Warbler LC LC
Iduna rama Sykes's Warbler LC N/A
Irania gutturalis White-throated Robin LC N/A
Ixobrychus minutus Common Little Bittern LC LC
Jynx torquilla Eurasian Wryneck LC LC
Ketupa zeylonensis Brown Fish-owl EN N/A
Lagopus lagopus Willow Grouse LC LC
Lagopus muta Rock Ptarmigan LC LC
Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike LC LC
Lanius excubitor Great Grey Shrike LC VU
Lanius meridionalis Iberian Grey Shrike VU VU
Lanius minor Lesser Grey Shrike LC LC
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike LC LC
Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike NT NT
Larus argentatus European Herring Gull LC VU
Larus armenicus Armenian Gull LC VU
Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull VU VU
Larus cachinnans Caspian Gull LC LC
Larus canus Mew Gull LC LC
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull LC LC
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull VU LC
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull LC LC
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull LC LC
Larus ichthyaetus Pallas's Gull LC NE
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull LC NT
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull LC LC
Larus michahellis Yellow-legged Gull LC LC
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull LC VU
Leiopicus medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker LC LC
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit LC LC
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit NT EN
Linaria cannabina Common Linnet LC LC
Linaria flavirostris Twite LC VU
Locustella fluviatilis River Warbler LC VU
Locustella lanceolata Lanceolated Warbler LC N/A
Locustella luscinioides Savi's Warbler LC LC
Locustella naevia Common Grasshopper-warbler LC VU
Lophophanes cristatus Crested Tit LC LC
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill LC LC
Loxia leucoptera Two-barred Crossbill LC LC
Loxia pytyopsittacus Parrot Crossbill LC LC
Loxia scotica Scottish Crossbill LC LC
Lullula arborea Woodlark LC LC
Luscinia luscinia Thrush Nightingale LC VU
Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale LC LC
Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe LC LC
Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi Caucasian Grouse NT N/A
Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse LC VU
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon LC VU
Mareca strepera Gadwall LC LC
Marmaronetta angustirostris Marbled Teal VU EN
Melanitta fusca Velvet Scoter VU VU
Melanitta nigra Common Scoter LC LC
Melanocorypha bimaculata Bimaculated Lark LC N/A
Melanocorypha calandra Calandra Lark LC LC
Melanocorypha yeltoniensis Black Lark EN N/A
Mergellus albellus Smew LC LC
Mergus merganser Goosander LC LC
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser NT NT
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater LC LC
Merops persicus Blue-cheeked Bee-eater LC N/A
Microcarbo pygmaeus Pygmy Cormorant LC LC
Milvus migrans Black Kite LC LC
Milvus milvus Red Kite LC LC
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush LC LC
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush LC LC
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch LC LC
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet LC LC
Motacilla alba White Wagtail LC LC
Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail LC LC
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail LC LC
Motacilla flava Western Yellow Wagtail LC LC
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher LC LC
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture VU VU
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard LC LC
Nucifraga caryocatactes Northern Nutcracker LC LC
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew NT NT
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel LC LC
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew CR (PE) CR(PE)
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron LC LC
Oenanthe chrysopygia Red-tailed Wheatear VU N/A
Oenanthe cypriaca Cyprus Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe deserti Desert Wheatear NT N/A
Oenanthe finschii Finsch's Wheatear LC NT
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe isabellina Isabelline Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe leucura Black Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear LC NT
Oenanthe pleschanka Pied Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe xanthoprymna Kurdish Wheatear LC N/A
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern VU VU
Oriolus oriolus Eurasian Golden Oriole LC LC
Otis tarda Great Bustard LC LC
Otus brucei Pallid Scops-owl EN N/A
Otus cyprius Cyprus Scops-owl LC N/A
Otus scops Eurasian Scops-owl LC LC
Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck VU VU
Pagophila eburnea Ivory Gull VU N/A
Pandion haliaetus Osprey LC LC
Panurus biarmicus Bearded Reedling LC LC
Parus major Great Tit LC LC
Passer domesticus House Sparrow LC LC
Passer hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow LC LC
Passer italiae Italian Sparrow VU VU
Passer moabiticus Dead Sea Sparrow LC N/A
Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow LC LC
Pastor roseus Rosy Starling LC LC
Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-petrel EN EN
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican LC LC
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican LC LC
Perdix perdix Grey Partridge LC VU
Periparus ater Coal Tit LC LC
Perisoreus infaustus Siberian Jay LC LC
Pernis apivorus European Honey-buzzard LC LC
Petronia petronia Rock Sparrow LC LC
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant LC LC
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope LC N/A
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope LC LC
Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant LC EN
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo LC LC
Phoenicurus erythrogastrus White-winged Redstart NT N/A
Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart LC LC
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart LC LC
Phylloscopus bonelli Western Bonelli's Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus borealis Arctic Warbler LC VU
Phylloscopus canariensis Canary Islands Chiffchaff LC LC
Phylloscopus collybita Common Chiffchaff LC LC
Phylloscopus ibericus Iberian Chiffchaff LC LC
Phylloscopus inornatus Yellow-browed Warbler LC N/A
Phylloscopus nitidus Green Warbler LC N/A
Phylloscopus orientalis Eastern Bonelli's Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus sindianus Mountain Chiffchaff LC N/A
Phylloscopus trochiloides Greenish Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler LC LC
Pica pica Eurasian Magpie LC LC
Picoides tridactylus Three-toed Woodpecker LC LC
Picus canus Grey-faced Woodpecker LC LC
Picus sharpei Iberian Green Woodpecker LC LC
Picus viridis Eurasian Green Woodpecker LC LC
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak LC LC
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill LC LC
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting LC LC
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis LC LC
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover LC LC
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover LC LC
Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe NT VU
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe LC LC
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe VU VU
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe VU LC
Poecile cinctus Siberian Tit LC NT
Poecile hyrcanus Caspian Tit LC N/A
Poecile lugubris Sombre Tit LC LC
Poecile montanus Willow Tit LC NT
Poecile palustris Marsh Tit LC LC
Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider LC EN
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen LC LC
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake LC LC
Prinia gracilis Graceful Prinia LC N/A
Prunella atrogularis Black-throated Accentor LC N/A
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor LC LC
Prunella modularis Dunnock LC LC
Prunella montanella Siberian Accentor LC N/A
Prunella ocularis Radde's Accentor LC N/A
Pterocles alchata Pin-tailed Sandgrouse LC LC
Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse EN EN
Pterodroma deserta Desertas Petrel VU VU
Pterodroma madeira Zino's Petrel EN EN
Ptyonoprogne rupestris Eurasian Crag Martin LC LC
Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater NT NT
Puffinus mauretanicus Balearic Shearwater CR CR
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater LC LC
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater VU VU
Pycnonotus xanthopygos White-spectacled Bulbul LC N/A
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough LC LC
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough LC LC
Pyrrhula murina Azores Bullfinch VU VU
Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch LC LC
Rallus aquaticus Western Water Rail LC LC
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet LC LC
Regulus ignicapilla Common Firecrest LC LC
Regulus madeirensis Madeira Firecrest LC LC
Regulus regulus Goldcrest LC LC
Remiz pendulinus Eurasian Penduline-tit LC LC
Rhodopechys sanguineus Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch LC N/A
Rhodospiza obsoleta Desert Finch LC N/A
Rhodostethia rosea Ross's Gull EN N/A
Riparia riparia Collared Sand Martin LC LC
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake VU EN
Saxicola dacotiae Fuerteventura Stonechat NT NT
Saxicola rubetra Whinchat LC VU
Saxicola torquatus Common Stonechat LC LC
Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock LC LC
Serinus canaria Island Canary LC LC
Serinus pusillus Red-fronted Serin LC N/A
Serinus serinus European Serin LC LC
Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch LC LC
Sitta krueperi Krueper's Nuthatch LC NT
Sitta neumayer Western Rock Nuthatch LC LC
Sitta tephronota Eastern Rock Nuthatch LC N/A
Sitta whiteheadi Corsican Nuthatch VU VU
Somateria mollissima Common Eider EN VU
Somateria spectabilis King Eider LC N/A
Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler LC NT
Spatula querquedula Garganey LC VU
Spilopelia senegalensis Laughing Dove LC NT
Spinus spinus Eurasian Siskin LC LC
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger LC LC
Stercorarius parasiticus Arctic Jaeger EN EN
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger LC N/A
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern LC LC
Sterna hirundo Common Tern LC LC
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern LC LC
Sternula albifrons Little Tern LC LC
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-dove LC LC
Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-dove VU NT
Strix aluco Tawny Owl LC LC
Strix nebulosa Great Grey Owl LC LC
Strix uralensis Ural Owl LC LC
Sturnus unicolor Spotless Starling LC LC
Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling LC LC
Surnia ulula Northern Hawk-owl LC LC
Sylvia atricapilla Eurasian Blackcap LC LC
Sylvia borin Garden Warbler LC LC
Syrrhaptes paradoxus Pallas's Sandgrouse RE N/A
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe LC LC
Tachymarptis melba Alpine Swift LC LC
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck LC NT
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck LC LC
Tarsiger cyanurus Orange-flanked Bush-robin LC LC
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie LC LC
Tetraogallus caspius Caspian Snowcock LC N/A
Tetraogallus caucasicus Caucasian Snowcock LC N/A
Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard VU EN
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern LC LC
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper LC LC
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank LC NT
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper LC LC
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank LC LC
Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper LC LC
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper LC VU
Tringa totanus Common Redshank VU VU
Troglodytes troglodytes Northern Wren LC LC
Turdus atrogularis Black-throated Thrush LC N/A
Turdus iliacus Redwing LC LC
Turdus merula Eurasian Blackbird LC LC
Turdus philomelos Song Thrush LC LC
Turdus pilaris Fieldfare LC LC
Turdus torquatus Ring Ouzel LC LC
Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush LC LC
Turnix sylvaticus Common Buttonquail RE RE
Tyto alba Common Barn-owl LC LC
Upupa epops Common Hoopoe LC LC
Uria aalge Common Murre LC LC
Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre LC N/A
Vanellus gregarius Sociable Lapwing CR N/A
Vanellus indicus Red-wattled Lapwing VU N/A
Vanellus leucurus White-tailed Lapwing LC N/A
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing LC VU
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing VU VU
Xema sabini Sabine's Gull LC N/A
Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper LC CR
Zapornia parva Little Crake LC LC
Zapornia pusilla Baillon's Crake LC NT
Zoothera aurea White's Thrush LC N/A