European Red List of Birds

The European Red List of Birds is a review of the regional extinction risk of all 544 species of birds occurring regularly and naturally in Europe. The assessment, performed by BirdLife International for the fourth time (1994, 2004, 2015 and 2021), follows the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria applied at regional level, and is funded by the European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment.

Evaluating the extinction risk of each species – i.e., Least Concern, Near Threatened or threatened, and if the latter, to what level – helps to inform decision making, shaping national and international environmental policies and on-the-ground conservation action. The results presented in this report are based on information collated by thousands of experts and volunteers from 54 countries and territories across Europe, extending from Greenland, Iceland and Svalbard in the North to the Canary Islands, Malta and Cyprus in the South, and from the Azores in the West to the Caucasus and Ural Mountains in the East.

Data include also the official reports submitted by EU Member States to the European Commission under Article 12 of the Birds Directive in 2019, while similar data were sourced from BirdLife Partners and collaborating experts in other European countries. Additional sources such as scientific reports, national atlases and Red Data Books, as well as peer-reviewed literature were also used to make sure the most recent data available were used.

As part of the European Red List update, in 2020 BirdLife International has assessed also the population status of birds in the EU27+UK, based on the Member States reports under Article 12 of the Birds Directive. An overview of the results of the EU population status assessment has been presented in the “State of Nature in the EU” report published by the European Environmental Agency.

The table below provides links to factsheets containing detailed information on each species at both European and EU level, including their Red List Category and Criteria (at both regional scales), population size and trend, geographic distribution, habitat and ecology, major threats and conservation measures.

More detailed discussion of the results can be found in the European Red List of Birds publication (BirdLife International 2021).

BirdLife International (2021) European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.


Species list (544 species)

Order taxonomically | Order alphabetically by scientific name | Order alphabetically by common name
Order by European Red List category | Order by EU27+UK Red List category

Download species list in Excel

Scientific Name Common Name European Red List Category
EU27+UK Red List Category
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose VU CR
Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot CR CR
Puffinus mauretanicus Balearic Shearwater CR CR
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sandplover NT CR
Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper LC CR
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl LC CR
Clanga clanga Greater Spotted Eagle VU CR
Emberiza aureola Yellow-breasted Bunting CR CR
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew CR (PE) CR(PE)
Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant LC EN
Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider LC EN
Marmaronetta angustirostris Marbled Teal VU EN
Aythya marila Greater Scaup LC EN
Anas acuta Northern Pintail VU EN
Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse EN EN
Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard VU EN
Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-petrel EN EN
Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar VU EN
Pterodroma madeira Zino's Petrel EN EN
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit NT EN
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone LC EN
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake VU EN
Stercorarius parasiticus Arctic Jaeger EN EN
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier LC EN
Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon NT EN
Falco cherrug Saker Falcon EN EN
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon LC EN
Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit LC EN
Fringilla polatzeki Gran Canaria Blue Chaffinch EN EN
Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting NT EN
Coturnix coturnix Common Quail NT LC
Alectoris chukar Chukar LC LC
Alectoris barbara Barbary Partridge LC LC
Francolinus francolinus Black Francolin LC LC
Lagopus lagopus Willow Grouse LC LC
Lagopus muta Rock Ptarmigan LC LC
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie LC LC
Cygnus olor Mute Swan LC LC
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan LC LC
Branta bernicla Brent Goose LC LC
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose LC LC
Anser anser Greylag Goose LC LC
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose LC LC
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose LC LC
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck LC LC
Melanitta nigra Common Scoter LC LC
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye LC LC
Mergellus albellus Smew LC LC
Mergus merganser Goosander LC LC
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck LC LC
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard LC LC
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck LC LC
Mareca strepera Gadwall LC LC
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard LC LC
Anas crecca Common Teal LC LC
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe LC LC
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe LC LC
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe VU LC
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo LC LC
Columba livia Rock Dove LC LC
Columba oenas Stock Dove LC LC
Columba palumbus Common Woodpigeon LC LC
Columba trocaz Madeira Laurel-pigeon LC LC
Columba bollii Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon LC LC
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-dove LC LC
Pterocles alchata Pin-tailed Sandgrouse LC LC
Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar LC LC
Tachymarptis melba Alpine Swift LC LC
Apus unicolor Plain Swift LC LC
Apus pallidus Pallid Swift LC LC
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo LC LC
Rallus aquaticus Western Water Rail LC LC
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake LC LC
Zapornia parva Little Crake LC LC
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen LC LC
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen LC LC
Fulica atra Common Coot NT LC
Grus grus Common Crane LC LC
Otis tarda Great Bustard LC LC
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon LC LC
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon LC LC
Gavia immer Common Loon LC LC
Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm-petrel LC LC
Hydrobates castro Band-rumped Storm-petrel LC LC
Calonectris diomedea Scopoli's Shearwater LC LC
Calonectris borealis Cory's Shearwater LC LC
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater LC LC
Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel LC LC
Ciconia nigra Black Stork LC LC
Ciconia ciconia White Stork LC LC
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill LC LC
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis LC LC
Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern LC LC
Ixobrychus minutus Common Little Bittern LC LC
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron LC LC
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron LC LC
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret LC LC
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron LC LC
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron LC LC
Ardea alba Great White Egret LC LC
Egretta garzetta Little Egret LC LC
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican LC LC
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican LC LC
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet LC LC
Microcarbo pygmaeus Pygmy Cormorant LC LC
Gulosus aristotelis European Shag LC LC
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant LC LC
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee LC LC
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet LC LC
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt LC LC
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover LC LC
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover LC LC
Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel LC LC
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover LC LC
Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover LC LC
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover LC LC
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel LC LC
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit LC LC
Calidris canutus Red Knot LC LC
Calidris alba Sanderling LC LC
Calidris alpina Dunlin LC LC
Calidris minuta Little Stint LC LC
Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock LC LC
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe VU LC
Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe LC LC
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope LC LC
Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper LC LC
Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper LC LC
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank LC LC
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper LC LC
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull LC LC
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull VU LC
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull LC LC
Larus canus Mew Gull LC LC
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull LC LC
Larus michahellis Yellow-legged Gull LC LC
Larus cachinnans Caspian Gull LC LC
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull LC LC
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull LC LC
Sternula albifrons Little Tern LC LC
Gelochelidon nilotica Common Gull-billed Tern LC LC
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern LC LC
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern LC LC
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern LC LC
Chlidonias niger Black Tern LC LC
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern LC LC
Sterna hirundo Common Tern LC LC
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern LC LC
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern LC LC
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger LC LC
Catharacta skua Great Skua LC LC
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin EN LC
Cepphus grylle Black Guillemot LC LC
Alca torda Razorbill LC LC
Uria aalge Common Murre LC LC
Tyto alba Common Barn-owl LC LC
Surnia ulula Northern Hawk-owl LC LC
Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy-owl LC LC
Athene noctua Little Owl LC LC
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl LC LC
Otus scops Eurasian Scops-owl LC LC
Asio otus Northern Long-eared Owl LC LC
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl LC LC
Strix aluco Tawny Owl LC LC
Strix uralensis Ural Owl LC LC
Strix nebulosa Great Grey Owl LC LC
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl LC LC
Pandion haliaetus Osprey LC LC
Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite LC LC
Pernis apivorus European Honey-buzzard LC LC
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle LC LC
Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture LC LC
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture LC LC
Clanga pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle LC LC
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle LC LC
Aquila fasciata Bonelli's Eagle LC LC
Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle LC LC
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier LC LC
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk LC LC
Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk LC LC
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk LC LC
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle LC LC
Milvus milvus Red Kite LC LC
Milvus migrans Black Kite LC LC
Buteo buteo Eurasian Buzzard LC LC
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard LC LC
Upupa epops Common Hoopoe LC LC
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater LC LC
Coracias garrulus European Roller LC LC
Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher LC LC
Jynx torquilla Eurasian Wryneck LC LC
Picus canus Grey-faced Woodpecker LC LC
Picus viridis Eurasian Green Woodpecker LC LC
Picus sharpei Iberian Green Woodpecker LC LC
Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker LC LC
Picoides tridactylus Three-toed Woodpecker LC LC
Leiopicus medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker LC LC
Dendrocopos leucotos White-backed Woodpecker LC LC
Dendrocopos syriacus Syrian Woodpecker LC LC
Dendrocopos major Great Spotted Woodpecker LC LC
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel LC LC
Falco tinnunculus Common Kestrel LC LC
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon LC LC
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby LC LC
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon LC LC
Oriolus oriolus Eurasian Golden Oriole LC LC
Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike LC LC
Lanius minor Lesser Grey Shrike LC LC
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike LC LC
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough LC LC
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough LC LC
Perisoreus infaustus Siberian Jay LC LC
Cyanopica cooki Iberian Azure-winged Magpie LC LC
Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay LC LC
Pica pica Eurasian Magpie LC LC
Nucifraga caryocatactes Northern Nutcracker LC LC
Corvus monedula Eurasian Jackdaw LC LC
Corvus frugilegus Rook VU LC
Corvus corax Common Raven LC LC
Corvus corone Carrion Crow LC LC
Periparus ater Coal Tit LC LC
Lophophanes cristatus Crested Tit LC LC
Poecile lugubris Sombre Tit LC LC
Poecile palustris Marsh Tit LC LC
Cyanistes caeruleus Eurasian Blue Tit LC LC
Cyanistes teneriffae African Blue Tit LC LC
Parus major Great Tit LC LC
Remiz pendulinus Eurasian Penduline-tit LC LC
Alaudala rufescens Lesser Short-toed Lark LC LC
Melanocorypha calandra Calandra Lark LC LC
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark LC LC
Lullula arborea Woodlark LC LC
Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark LC LC
Galerida theklae Thekla's Lark LC LC
Galerida cristata Crested Lark LC LC
Panurus biarmicus Bearded Reedling LC LC
Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola LC LC
Iduna caligata Booted Warbler LC LC
Iduna pallida Olivaceous Warbler LC LC
Iduna opaca Isabelline Warbler LC LC
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler LC LC
Hippolais polyglotta Melodious Warbler LC LC
Hippolais icterina Icterine Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus melanopogon Moustached Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus dumetorum Blyth's Reed-warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus palustris Marsh Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus scirpaceus Common Reed-warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus agricola Paddyfield Warbler LC LC
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-warbler LC LC
Locustella luscinioides Savi's Warbler LC LC
Delichon urbicum Northern House Martin LC LC
Cecropis daurica Red-rumped Swallow LC LC
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow LC LC
Ptyonoprogne rupestris Eurasian Crag Martin LC LC
Riparia riparia Collared Sand Martin LC LC
Phylloscopus orientalis Eastern Bonelli's Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus bonelli Western Bonelli's Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler LC LC
Phylloscopus ibericus Iberian Chiffchaff LC LC
Phylloscopus collybita Common Chiffchaff LC LC
Phylloscopus canariensis Canary Islands Chiffchaff LC LC
Phylloscopus trochiloides Greenish Warbler LC LC
Cettia cetti Cetti's Warbler LC LC
Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tit LC LC
Sylvia atricapilla Eurasian Blackcap LC LC
Sylvia borin Garden Warbler LC LC
Curruca nisoria Barred Warbler LC LC
Curruca hortensis Western Orphean Warbler LC LC
Curruca crassirostris Eastern Orphean Warbler LC LC
Curruca curruca Lesser Whitethroat LC LC
Curruca melanothorax Cyprus Warbler LC LC
Curruca melanocephala Sardinian Warbler LC LC
Curruca cantillans Subalpine Warbler LC LC
Curruca subalpina Moltoni's Warbler LC LC
Curruca ruppeli Rüppell's Warbler LC LC
Curruca communis Common Whitethroat LC LC
Curruca conspicillata Spectacled Warbler LC LC
Curruca sarda Marmora's Warbler LC LC
Curruca balearica Balearic Warbler LC LC
Certhia brachydactyla Short-toed Treecreeper LC LC
Certhia familiaris Eurasian Treecreeper LC LC
Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch LC LC
Sitta neumayer Western Rock Nuthatch LC LC
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper LC LC
Troglodytes troglodytes Northern Wren LC LC
Cinclus cinclus White-throated Dipper LC LC
Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling LC LC
Sturnus unicolor Spotless Starling LC LC
Pastor roseus Rosy Starling LC LC
Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush LC LC
Turdus philomelos Song Thrush LC LC
Turdus iliacus Redwing LC LC
Turdus merula Eurasian Blackbird LC LC
Turdus pilaris Fieldfare LC LC
Turdus torquatus Ring Ouzel LC LC
Cercotrichas galactotes Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin LC LC
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher LC LC
Erithacus rubecula European Robin LC LC
Cyanecula svecica Bluethroat LC LC
Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale LC LC
Tarsiger cyanurus Orange-flanked Bush-robin LC LC
Ficedula parva Red-breasted Flycatcher LC LC
Ficedula semitorquata Semi-collared Flycatcher LC LC
Ficedula hypoleuca European Pied Flycatcher LC LC
Ficedula albicollis Collared Flycatcher LC LC
Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart LC LC
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart LC LC
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush LC LC
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush LC LC
Saxicola torquatus Common Stonechat LC LC
Oenanthe isabellina Isabelline Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe cypriaca Cyprus Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe pleschanka Pied Wheatear LC LC
Oenanthe leucura Black Wheatear LC LC
Regulus regulus Goldcrest LC LC
Regulus madeirensis Madeira Firecrest LC LC
Regulus ignicapilla Common Firecrest LC LC
Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing LC LC
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor LC LC
Prunella modularis Dunnock LC LC
Passer domesticus House Sparrow LC LC
Passer hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow LC LC
Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow LC LC
Petronia petronia Rock Sparrow LC LC
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch LC LC
Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit LC LC
Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit LC LC
Anthus spinoletta Water Pipit LC LC
Anthus petrosus Rock Pipit LC LC
Anthus berthelotii Berthelot's Pipit LC LC
Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit LC LC
Motacilla flava Western Yellow Wagtail LC LC
Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail LC LC
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail LC LC
Motacilla alba White Wagtail LC LC
Fringilla coelebs Common Chaffinch LC LC
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling LC LC
Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch LC LC
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak LC LC
Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch LC LC
Bucanetes githagineus Trumpeter Finch LC LC
Chloris chloris European Greenfinch LC LC
Linaria cannabina Common Linnet LC LC
Acanthis flammea Redpoll LC LC
Loxia pytyopsittacus Parrot Crossbill LC LC
Loxia scotica Scottish Crossbill LC LC
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill LC LC
Loxia leucoptera Two-barred Crossbill LC LC
Carduelis carduelis European Goldfinch LC LC
Carduelis citrinella Citril Finch LC LC
Carduelis corsicana Corsican Finch LC LC
Serinus serinus European Serin LC LC
Serinus canaria Island Canary LC LC
Spinus spinus Eurasian Siskin LC LC
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting LC LC
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting LC LC
Emberiza calandra Corn Bunting LC LC
Emberiza cia Rock Bunting LC LC
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting LC LC
Emberiza cirlus Cirl Bunting LC LC
Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer LC LC
Emberiza schoeniclus Reed Bunting LC LC
Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting LC LC
Emberiza pusilla Little Bunting LC LC
Tetraogallus caucasicus Caucasian Snowcock LC N/A
Tetraogallus caspius Caspian Snowcock LC N/A
Ammoperdix griseogularis See-see Partridge VU N/A
Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi Caucasian Grouse NT N/A
Branta canadensis Canada Goose LC N/A
Anser caerulescens Snow Goose LC N/A
Somateria spectabilis King Eider LC N/A
Bucephala islandica Barrow's Goldeneye NT N/A
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck LC N/A
Syrrhaptes paradoxus Pallas's Sandgrouse RE N/A
Cuculus optatus Oriental Cuckoo LC N/A
Anthropoides virgo Demoiselle Crane EN N/A
Chlamydotis macqueenii Asian Houbara CR (PE) N/A
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon VU N/A
Geronticus eremita Northern Bald Ibis RE N/A
Anhinga rufa African Darter RE N/A
Charadrius asiaticus Caspian Plover EN N/A
Vanellus indicus Red-wattled Lapwing VU N/A
Vanellus gregarius Sociable Lapwing CR N/A
Vanellus leucurus White-tailed Lapwing LC N/A
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper LC N/A
Gallinago stenura Pintail Snipe LC N/A
Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe NT N/A
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope LC N/A
Rhodostethia rosea Ross's Gull EN N/A
Xema sabini Sabine's Gull LC N/A
Pagophila eburnea Ivory Gull VU N/A
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger LC N/A
Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre LC N/A
Otus cyprius Cyprus Scops-owl LC N/A
Otus brucei Pallid Scops-owl EN N/A
Ketupa zeylonensis Brown Fish-owl EN N/A
Aquila nipalensis Steppe Eagle CR N/A
Accipiter badius Shikra NT N/A
Merops persicus Blue-cheeked Bee-eater LC N/A
Ceryle rudis Pied Kingfisher VU N/A
Halcyon smyrnensis White-breasted Kingfisher VU N/A
Poecile hyrcanus Caspian Tit LC N/A
Cyanistes cyanus Azure Tit NT N/A
Ammomanes deserti Desert Lark EN N/A
Melanocorypha bimaculata Bimaculated Lark LC N/A
Melanocorypha yeltoniensis Black Lark EN N/A
Alauda leucoptera White-winged Lark LC N/A
Prinia gracilis Graceful Prinia LC N/A
Iduna rama Sykes's Warbler LC N/A
Hippolais languida Upcher's Warbler LC N/A
Locustella lanceolata Lanceolated Warbler LC N/A
Pycnonotus xanthopygos White-spectacled Bulbul LC N/A
Phylloscopus inornatus Yellow-browed Warbler LC N/A
Phylloscopus sindianus Mountain Chiffchaff LC N/A
Phylloscopus nitidus Green Warbler LC N/A
Curruca nana Asian Desert Warbler VU N/A
Curruca mystacea Menetries's Warbler LC N/A
Argya altirostris Iraq Babbler NT N/A
Sitta tephronota Eastern Rock Nuthatch LC N/A
Zoothera aurea White's Thrush LC N/A
Turdus atrogularis Black-throated Thrush LC N/A
Irania gutturalis White-throated Robin LC N/A
Calliope calliope Siberian Rubythroat LC N/A
Phoenicurus erythrogastrus White-winged Redstart NT N/A
Oenanthe deserti Desert Wheatear NT N/A
Oenanthe chrysopygia Red-tailed Wheatear VU N/A
Oenanthe xanthoprymna Kurdish Wheatear LC N/A
Prunella montanella Siberian Accentor LC N/A
Prunella atrogularis Black-throated Accentor LC N/A
Prunella ocularis Radde's Accentor LC N/A
Passer moabiticus Dead Sea Sparrow LC N/A
Carpospiza brachydactyla Pale Sparrow LC N/A
Gymnoris xanthocollis Chestnut-shouldered Bush-sparrow LC N/A
Anthus gustavi Pechora Pipit CR (PE) N/A
Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit LC N/A
Carpodacus rubicilla Great Rosefinch LC N/A
Rhodopechys sanguineus Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch LC N/A
Bucanetes mongolicus Mongolian Finch LC N/A
Rhodospiza obsoleta Desert Finch LC N/A
Serinus pusillus Red-fronted Serin LC N/A
Emberiza bruniceps Red-headed Bunting LC N/A
Emberiza buchanani Grey-necked Bunting LC N/A
Emberiza leucocephalos Pine Bunting RE N/A
Emberiza pallasi Pallas's Bunting LC N/A
Larus ichthyaetus Pallas's Gull LC NE
Alle alle Little Auk LC NE
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge NT NT
Alectoris rufa Red-legged Partridge NT NT
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser NT NT
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck LC NT
Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler LC NT
Columba junoniae White-tailed Laurel-pigeon NT NT
Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-dove VU NT
Spilopelia senegalensis Laughing Dove LC NT
Caprimulgus ruficollis Red-necked Nightjar NT NT
Apus caffer White-rumped Swift NT NT
Apus apus Common Swift NT NT
Crex crex Corncrake LC NT
Zapornia pusilla Baillon's Crake LC NT
Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater NT NT
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew NT NT
Calidris pugnax Ruff NT NT
Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint LC NT
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper LC NT
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank LC NT
Cursorius cursor Cream-coloured Courser NT NT
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole LC NT
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull LC NT
Aquila heliaca Eastern Imperial Eagle LC NT
Dryobates minor Lesser Spotted Woodpecker LC NT
Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike NT NT
Poecile montanus Willow Tit LC NT
Poecile cinctus Siberian Tit LC NT
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark LC NT
Acrocephalus paludicola Aquatic Warbler VU NT
Curruca undata Dartford Warbler NT NT
Sitta krueperi Krueper's Nuthatch LC NT
Saxicola dacotiae Fuerteventura Stonechat NT NT
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear LC NT
Oenanthe finschii Finsch's Wheatear LC NT
Fringilla teydea Tenerife Blue Chaffinch NT NT
Carpodacus erythrinus Common Rosefinch LC NT
Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting LC NT
Turnix sylvaticus Common Buttonquail RE RE
Glareola nordmanni Black-winged Pratincole LC RE
Perdix perdix Grey Partridge LC VU
Bonasa bonasia Hazel Grouse LC VU
Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse LC VU
Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck VU VU
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan VU VU
Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose VU VU
Anser fabalis Bean Goose LC VU
Somateria mollissima Common Eider EN VU
Melanitta fusca Velvet Scoter VU VU
Aythya ferina Common Pochard VU VU
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck NT VU
Spatula querquedula Garganey LC VU
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon LC VU
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe VU VU
Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe NT VU
Apus affinis Little Swift NT VU
Clamator glandarius Great Spotted Cuckoo VU VU
Chlamydotis undulata African Houbara VU VU
Hydrobates monteiroi Monteiro's Storm-petrel VU VU
Hydrobates leucorhous Leach's Storm-petrel NT VU
Pterodroma deserta Desertas Petrel VU VU
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater VU VU
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher VU VU
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing VU VU
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing LC VU
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper VU VU
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper VU VU
Gallinago media Great Snipe LC VU
Tringa totanus Common Redshank VU VU
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper LC VU
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull LC VU
Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull VU VU
Larus argentatus European Herring Gull LC VU
Larus armenicus Armenian Gull LC VU
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern VU VU
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture NT VU
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture VU VU
Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle VU VU
Circus cyaneus Hen Harrier LC VU
Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier LC VU
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard LC VU
Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon VU VU
Falco columbarius Merlin VU VU
Lanius excubitor Great Grey Shrike LC VU
Lanius meridionalis Iberian Grey Shrike VU VU
Chersophilus duponti Dupont's Lark VU VU
Locustella fluviatilis River Warbler LC VU
Locustella naevia Common Grasshopper-warbler LC VU
Phylloscopus borealis Arctic Warbler LC VU
Sitta whiteheadi Corsican Nuthatch VU VU
Luscinia luscinia Thrush Nightingale LC VU
Saxicola rubetra Whinchat LC VU
Passer italiae Italian Sparrow VU VU
Pyrrhula murina Azores Bullfinch VU VU
Linaria flavirostris Twite LC VU
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur LC VU