European Red List of Birds

The European Red List of Birds is a review of the regional extinction risk of all 544 species of birds occurring regularly and naturally in Europe. The assessment, performed by BirdLife International for the fourth time (1994, 2004, 2015 and 2021), follows the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria applied at regional level, and is funded by the European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment.

Evaluating the extinction risk of each species – i.e., Least Concern, Near Threatened or threatened, and if the latter, to what level – helps to inform decision making, shaping national and international environmental policies and on-the-ground conservation action. The results presented in this report are based on information collated by thousands of experts and volunteers from 54 countries and territories across Europe, extending from Greenland, Iceland and Svalbard in the North to the Canary Islands, Malta and Cyprus in the South, and from the Azores in the West to the Caucasus and Ural Mountains in the East.

Data include also the official reports submitted by EU Member States to the European Commission under Article 12 of the Birds Directive in 2019, while similar data were sourced from BirdLife Partners and collaborating experts in other European countries. Additional sources such as scientific reports, national atlases and Red Data Books, as well as peer-reviewed literature were also used to make sure the most recent data available were used.

As part of the European Red List update, in 2020 BirdLife International has assessed also the population status of birds in the EU27+UK, based on the Member States reports under Article 12 of the Birds Directive. An overview of the results of the EU population status assessment has been presented in the “State of Nature in the EU” report published by the European Environmental Agency.

The table below provides links to factsheets containing detailed information on each species at both European and EU level, including their Red List Category and Criteria (at both regional scales), population size and trend, geographic distribution, habitat and ecology, major threats and conservation measures.

More detailed discussion of the results can be found in the European Red List of Birds publication (BirdLife International 2021).

BirdLife International (2021) European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.


Species list (544 species)

Order taxonomically | Order alphabetically by scientific name | Order alphabetically by common name
Order by European Red List category | Order by EU27+UK Red List category

Download species list in Excel

Scientific Name Common Name European Red List Category
EU27+UK Red List Category
Cyanistes teneriffae African Blue Tit LC LC
Anhinga rufa African Darter RE N/A
Chlamydotis undulata African Houbara VU VU
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor LC LC
Tachymarptis melba Alpine Swift LC LC
Acrocephalus paludicola Aquatic Warbler VU NT
Stercorarius parasiticus Arctic Jaeger EN EN
Gavia arctica Arctic Loon LC LC
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern LC LC
Phylloscopus borealis Arctic Warbler LC VU
Larus armenicus Armenian Gull LC VU
Curruca nana Asian Desert Warbler VU N/A
Chlamydotis macqueenii Asian Houbara CR (PE) N/A
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin EN LC
Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull VU VU
Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater NT NT
Pyrrhula murina Azores Bullfinch VU VU
Cyanistes cyanus Azure Tit NT N/A
Zapornia pusilla Baillon's Crake LC NT
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper LC N/A
Puffinus mauretanicus Balearic Shearwater CR CR
Curruca balearica Balearic Warbler LC LC
Hydrobates castro Band-rumped Storm-petrel LC LC
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit LC LC
Alectoris barbara Barbary Partridge LC LC
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow LC LC
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose LC LC
Curruca nisoria Barred Warbler LC LC
Bucephala islandica Barrow's Goldeneye NT N/A
Anser fabalis Bean Goose LC VU
Panurus biarmicus Bearded Reedling LC LC
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture NT VU
Anthus berthelotii Berthelot's Pipit LC LC
Melanocorypha bimaculata Bimaculated Lark LC N/A
Francolinus francolinus Black Francolin LC LC
Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse LC VU
Cepphus grylle Black Guillemot LC LC
Milvus migrans Black Kite LC LC
Melanocorypha yeltoniensis Black Lark EN N/A
Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart LC LC
Ciconia nigra Black Stork LC LC
Chlidonias niger Black Tern LC LC
Oenanthe leucura Black Wheatear LC LC
Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker LC LC
Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse EN EN
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron LC LC
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear LC LC
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting LC LC
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull LC VU
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake VU EN
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe VU LC
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit NT EN
Prunella atrogularis Black-throated Accentor LC N/A
Turdus atrogularis Black-throated Thrush LC N/A
Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite LC LC
Glareola nordmanni Black-winged Pratincole LC RE
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt LC LC
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush LC LC
Merops persicus Blue-cheeked Bee-eater LC N/A
Cyanecula svecica Bluethroat LC LC
Acrocephalus dumetorum Blyth's Reed-warbler LC LC
Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing LC LC
Aquila fasciata Bonelli's Eagle LC LC
Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle LC LC
Iduna caligata Booted Warbler LC LC
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl LC LC
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling LC LC
Branta bernicla Brent Goose LC LC
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper VU VU
Ketupa zeylonensis Brown Fish-owl EN N/A
Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel LC LC
Melanocorypha calandra Calandra Lark LC LC
Branta canadensis Canada Goose LC N/A
Phylloscopus canariensis Canary Islands Chiffchaff LC LC
Corvus corone Carrion Crow LC LC
Larus cachinnans Caspian Gull LC LC
Charadrius asiaticus Caspian Plover EN N/A
Tetraogallus caspius Caspian Snowcock LC N/A
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern LC LC
Poecile hyrcanus Caspian Tit LC N/A
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret LC LC
Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi Caucasian Grouse NT N/A
Tetraogallus caucasicus Caucasian Snowcock LC N/A
Cettia cetti Cetti's Warbler LC LC
Gymnoris xanthocollis Chestnut-shouldered Bush-sparrow LC N/A
Alectoris chukar Chukar LC LC
Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting NT EN
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture LC LC
Emberiza cirlus Cirl Bunting LC LC
Carduelis citrinella Citril Finch LC LC
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail LC LC
Periparus ater Coal Tit LC LC
Ficedula albicollis Collared Flycatcher LC LC
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole LC NT
Riparia riparia Collared Sand Martin LC LC
Tyto alba Common Barn-owl LC LC
Turnix sylvaticus Common Buttonquail RE RE
Fringilla coelebs Common Chaffinch LC LC
Phylloscopus collybita Common Chiffchaff LC LC
Fulica atra Common Coot NT LC
Grus grus Common Crane LC LC
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo LC LC
Somateria mollissima Common Eider EN VU
Regulus ignicapilla Common Firecrest LC LC
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye LC LC
Locustella naevia Common Grasshopper-warbler LC VU
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank LC LC
Gelochelidon nilotica Common Gull-billed Tern LC LC
Upupa epops Common Hoopoe LC LC
Falco tinnunculus Common Kestrel LC LC
Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher LC LC
Linaria cannabina Common Linnet LC LC
Ixobrychus minutus Common Little Bittern LC LC
Gavia immer Common Loon LC LC
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen LC LC
Uria aalge Common Murre LC LC
Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale LC LC
Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant LC EN
Aythya ferina Common Pochard VU VU
Coturnix coturnix Common Quail NT LC
Corvus corax Common Raven LC LC
Tringa totanus Common Redshank VU VU
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart LC LC
Acrocephalus scirpaceus Common Reed-warbler LC LC
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover LC LC
Carpodacus erythrinus Common Rosefinch LC NT
Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper LC LC
Melanitta nigra Common Scoter LC LC
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck LC LC
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe VU LC
Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling LC LC
Saxicola torquatus Common Stonechat LC LC
Apus apus Common Swift NT NT
Anas crecca Common Teal LC LC
Sterna hirundo Common Tern LC LC
Curruca communis Common Whitethroat LC LC
Columba palumbus Common Woodpigeon LC LC
Emberiza calandra Corn Bunting LC LC
Crex crex Corncrake LC NT
Carduelis corsicana Corsican Finch LC LC
Sitta whiteheadi Corsican Nuthatch VU VU
Calonectris borealis Cory's Shearwater LC LC
Cursorius cursor Cream-coloured Courser NT NT
Galerida cristata Crested Lark LC LC
Lophophanes cristatus Crested Tit LC LC
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting LC LC
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper VU VU
Otus cyprius Cyprus Scops-owl LC N/A
Curruca melanothorax Cyprus Warbler LC LC
Oenanthe cypriaca Cyprus Wheatear LC LC
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican LC LC
Columba bollii Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon LC LC
Curruca undata Dartford Warbler NT NT
Passer moabiticus Dead Sea Sparrow LC N/A
Anthropoides virgo Demoiselle Crane EN N/A
Rhodospiza obsoleta Desert Finch LC N/A
Ammomanes deserti Desert Lark EN N/A
Oenanthe deserti Desert Wheatear NT N/A
Pterodroma deserta Desertas Petrel VU VU
Calidris alpina Dunlin LC LC
Prunella modularis Dunnock LC LC
Chersophilus duponti Dupont's Lark VU VU
Phylloscopus orientalis Eastern Bonelli's Warbler LC LC
Aquila heliaca Eastern Imperial Eagle LC NT
Curruca crassirostris Eastern Orphean Warbler LC LC
Sitta tephronota Eastern Rock Nuthatch LC N/A
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture VU VU
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon LC LC
Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern LC LC
Turdus merula Eurasian Blackbird LC LC
Sylvia atricapilla Eurasian Blackcap LC LC
Cyanistes caeruleus Eurasian Blue Tit LC LC
Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch LC LC
Buteo buteo Eurasian Buzzard LC LC
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-dove LC LC
Ptyonoprogne rupestris Eurasian Crag Martin LC LC
Rhodopechys sanguineus Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch LC N/A
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew NT NT
Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel LC LC
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl LC LC
Oriolus oriolus Eurasian Golden Oriole LC LC
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover LC LC
Picus viridis Eurasian Green Woodpecker LC LC
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby LC LC
Corvus monedula Eurasian Jackdaw LC LC
Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay LC LC
Pica pica Eurasian Magpie LC LC
Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch LC LC
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher VU VU
Remiz pendulinus Eurasian Penduline-tit LC LC
Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy-owl LC LC
Otus scops Eurasian Scops-owl LC LC
Spinus spinus Eurasian Siskin LC LC
Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark LC LC
Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk LC LC
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill LC LC
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee LC LC
Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow LC LC
Certhia familiaris Eurasian Treecreeper LC LC
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon LC VU
Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock LC LC
Jynx torquilla Eurasian Wryneck LC LC
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater LC LC
Carduelis carduelis European Goldfinch LC LC
Chloris chloris European Greenfinch LC LC
Larus argentatus European Herring Gull LC VU
Pernis apivorus European Honey-buzzard LC LC
Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar LC LC
Ficedula hypoleuca European Pied Flycatcher LC LC
Erithacus rubecula European Robin LC LC
Coracias garrulus European Roller LC LC
Serinus serinus European Serin LC LC
Gulosus aristotelis European Shag LC LC
Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm-petrel LC LC
Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-dove VU NT
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck LC LC
Turdus pilaris Fieldfare LC LC
Oenanthe finschii Finsch's Wheatear LC NT
Saxicola dacotiae Fuerteventura Stonechat NT NT
Mareca strepera Gadwall LC LC
Sylvia borin Garden Warbler LC LC
Spatula querquedula Garganey LC VU
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull LC LC
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis LC LC
Regulus regulus Goldcrest LC LC
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle LC LC
Mergus merganser Goosander LC LC
Prinia gracilis Graceful Prinia LC N/A
Fringilla polatzeki Gran Canaria Blue Chaffinch EN EN
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull LC NT
Otis tarda Great Bustard LC LC
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant LC LC
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe LC LC
Strix nebulosa Great Grey Owl LC LC
Lanius excubitor Great Grey Shrike LC VU
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-warbler LC LC
Carpodacus rubicilla Great Rosefinch LC N/A
Catharacta skua Great Skua LC LC
Gallinago media Great Snipe LC VU
Clamator glandarius Great Spotted Cuckoo VU VU
Dendrocopos major Great Spotted Woodpecker LC LC
Parus major Great Tit LC LC
Ardea alba Great White Egret LC LC
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican LC LC
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo LC LC
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sandplover NT CR
Aythya marila Greater Scaup LC EN
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark LC LC
Clanga clanga Greater Spotted Eagle VU CR
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose LC LC
Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper LC LC
Phylloscopus nitidus Green Warbler LC N/A
Phylloscopus trochiloides Greenish Warbler LC LC
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron LC LC
Perdix perdix Grey Partridge LC VU
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover LC LC
Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail LC LC
Picus canus Grey-faced Woodpecker LC LC
Emberiza buchanani Grey-necked Bunting LC N/A
Anser anser Greylag Goose LC LC
Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture LC LC
Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon LC EN
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck LC N/A
Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch LC LC
Bonasa bonasia Hazel Grouse LC VU
Circus cyaneus Hen Harrier LC VU
Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe NT VU
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark LC NT
Passer domesticus House Sparrow LC LC
Cyanopica cooki Iberian Azure-winged Magpie LC LC
Phylloscopus ibericus Iberian Chiffchaff LC LC
Picus sharpei Iberian Green Woodpecker LC LC
Lanius meridionalis Iberian Grey Shrike VU VU
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull LC LC
Hippolais icterina Icterine Warbler LC LC
Argya altirostris Iraq Babbler NT N/A
Iduna opaca Isabelline Warbler LC LC
Oenanthe isabellina Isabelline Wheatear LC LC
Serinus canaria Island Canary LC LC
Passer italiae Italian Sparrow VU VU
Pagophila eburnea Ivory Gull VU N/A
Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe LC LC
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover LC LC
Somateria spectabilis King Eider LC N/A
Sitta krueperi Krueper's Nuthatch LC NT
Oenanthe xanthoprymna Kurdish Wheatear LC N/A
Locustella lanceolata Lanceolated Warbler LC N/A
Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon NT EN
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur LC VU
Spilopelia senegalensis Laughing Dove LC NT
Hydrobates leucorhous Leach's Storm-petrel NT VU
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull LC LC
Lanius minor Lesser Grey Shrike LC LC
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel LC LC
Alaudala rufescens Lesser Short-toed Lark LC LC
Clanga pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle LC LC
Dryobates minor Lesser Spotted Woodpecker LC NT
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose VU CR
Curruca curruca Lesser Whitethroat LC LC
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk LC LC
Alle alle Little Auk LC NE
Emberiza pusilla Little Bunting LC LC
Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard VU EN
Zapornia parva Little Crake LC LC
Egretta garzetta Little Egret LC LC
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe LC LC
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull LC LC
Athene noctua Little Owl LC LC
Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover LC LC
Calidris minuta Little Stint LC LC
Apus affinis Little Swift NT VU
Sternula albifrons Little Tern LC LC
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard LC LC
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck LC LC
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger LC LC
Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tit LC LC
Regulus madeirensis Madeira Firecrest LC LC
Columba trocaz Madeira Laurel-pigeon LC LC
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard LC LC
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater LC LC
Marmaronetta angustirostris Marbled Teal VU EN
Curruca sarda Marmora's Warbler LC LC
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper LC VU
Poecile palustris Marsh Tit LC LC
Acrocephalus palustris Marsh Warbler LC LC
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike LC LC
Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit LC LC
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull LC LC
Hippolais polyglotta Melodious Warbler LC LC
Curruca mystacea Menetries's Warbler LC N/A
Falco columbarius Merlin VU VU
Larus canus Mew Gull LC LC
Leiopicus medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker LC LC
Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush LC LC
Curruca subalpina Moltoni's Warbler LC LC
Bucanetes mongolicus Mongolian Finch LC N/A
Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier LC VU
Hydrobates monteiroi Monteiro's Storm-petrel VU VU
Phylloscopus sindianus Mountain Chiffchaff LC N/A
Acrocephalus melanopogon Moustached Warbler LC LC
Cygnus olor Mute Swan LC LC
Geronticus eremita Northern Bald Ibis RE N/A
Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar VU EN
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet LC LC
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk LC LC
Surnia ulula Northern Hawk-owl LC LC
Delichon urbicum Northern House Martin LC LC
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing VU VU
Asio otus Northern Long-eared Owl LC LC
Nucifraga caryocatactes Northern Nutcracker LC LC
Anas acuta Northern Pintail VU EN
Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler LC NT
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear LC NT
Troglodytes troglodytes Northern Wren LC LC
Iduna pallida Olivaceous Warbler LC LC
Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit LC N/A
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler LC LC
Tarsiger cyanurus Orange-flanked Bush-robin LC LC
Cuculus optatus Oriental Cuckoo LC N/A
Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting LC NT
Pandion haliaetus Osprey LC LC
Acrocephalus agricola Paddyfield Warbler LC LC
Carpospiza brachydactyla Pale Sparrow LC N/A
Emberiza pallasi Pallas's Bunting LC N/A
Larus ichthyaetus Pallas's Gull LC NE
Syrrhaptes paradoxus Pallas's Sandgrouse RE N/A
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier LC EN
Otus brucei Pallid Scops-owl EN N/A
Apus pallidus Pallid Swift LC LC
Loxia pytyopsittacus Parrot Crossbill LC LC
Anthus gustavi Pechora Pipit CR (PE) N/A
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon LC LC
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet LC LC
Ceryle rudis Pied Kingfisher VU N/A
Oenanthe pleschanka Pied Wheatear LC LC
Pterocles alchata Pin-tailed Sandgrouse LC LC
Emberiza leucocephalos Pine Bunting RE N/A
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak LC LC
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose LC LC
Gallinago stenura Pintail Snipe LC N/A
Apus unicolor Plain Swift LC LC
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger LC N/A
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron LC LC
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper LC NT
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen LC LC
Microcarbo pygmaeus Pygmy Cormorant LC LC
Prunella ocularis Radde's Accentor LC N/A
Alca torda Razorbill LC LC
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill LC LC
Milvus milvus Red Kite LC LC
Calidris canutus Red Knot LC LC
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope LC N/A
Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike LC LC
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough LC LC
Ficedula parva Red-breasted Flycatcher LC LC
Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose VU VU
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser NT NT
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard LC LC
Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon VU VU
Serinus pusillus Red-fronted Serin LC N/A
Emberiza bruniceps Red-headed Bunting LC N/A
Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot CR CR
Alectoris rufa Red-legged Partridge NT NT
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe VU VU
Caprimulgus ruficollis Red-necked Nightjar NT NT
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope LC LC
Cecropis daurica Red-rumped Swallow LC LC
Oenanthe chrysopygia Red-tailed Wheatear VU N/A
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon LC LC
Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit LC EN
Vanellus indicus Red-wattled Lapwing VU N/A
Acanthis flammea Redpoll LC LC
Turdus iliacus Redwing LC LC
Emberiza schoeniclus Reed Bunting LC LC
Turdus torquatus Ring Ouzel LC LC
Locustella fluviatilis River Warbler LC VU
Emberiza cia Rock Bunting LC LC
Columba livia Rock Dove LC LC
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge NT NT
Anthus petrosus Rock Pipit LC LC
Lagopus muta Rock Ptarmigan LC LC
Petronia petronia Rock Sparrow LC LC
Corvus frugilegus Rook VU LC
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern LC LC
Rhodostethia rosea Ross's Gull EN N/A
Pastor roseus Rosy Starling LC LC
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard LC VU
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck LC NT
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone LC EN
Calidris pugnax Ruff NT NT
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush LC LC
Cercotrichas galactotes Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin LC LC
Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting LC LC
Curruca ruppeli Rüppell's Warbler LC LC
Xema sabini Sabine's Gull LC N/A
Falco cherrug Saker Falcon EN EN
Calidris alba Sanderling LC LC
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern LC LC
Curruca melanocephala Sardinian Warbler LC LC
Locustella luscinioides Savi's Warbler LC LC
Calonectris diomedea Scopoli's Shearwater LC LC
Loxia scotica Scottish Crossbill LC LC
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler LC LC
Ammoperdix griseogularis See-see Partridge VU N/A
Ficedula semitorquata Semi-collared Flycatcher LC LC
Accipiter badius Shikra NT N/A
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl LC LC
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle LC LC
Certhia brachydactyla Short-toed Treecreeper LC LC
Prunella montanella Siberian Accentor LC N/A
Perisoreus infaustus Siberian Jay LC LC
Calliope calliope Siberian Rubythroat LC N/A
Poecile cinctus Siberian Tit LC NT
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew CR (PE) CR(PE)
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull VU LC
Mergellus albellus Smew LC LC
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting LC LC
Anser caerulescens Snow Goose LC N/A
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl LC CR
Vanellus gregarius Sociable Lapwing CR N/A
Poecile lugubris Sombre Tit LC LC
Turdus philomelos Song Thrush LC LC
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern VU VU
Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle VU VU
Passer hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow LC LC
Curruca conspicillata Spectacled Warbler LC LC
Sturnus unicolor Spotless Starling LC LC
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake LC LC
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher LC LC
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank LC NT
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing LC VU
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron LC LC
Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider LC EN
Aquila nipalensis Steppe Eagle CR N/A
Columba oenas Stock Dove LC LC
Curruca cantillans Subalpine Warbler LC LC
Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe NT N/A
Iduna rama Sykes's Warbler LC N/A
Dendrocopos syriacus Syrian Woodpecker LC LC
Strix aluco Tawny Owl LC LC
Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit LC LC
Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint LC NT
Fringilla teydea Tenerife Blue Chaffinch NT NT
Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper LC CR
Galerida theklae Thekla's Lark LC LC
Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre LC N/A
Picoides tridactylus Three-toed Woodpecker LC LC
Luscinia luscinia Thrush Nightingale LC VU
Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit LC LC
Bucanetes githagineus Trumpeter Finch LC LC
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck NT VU
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan VU VU
Linaria flavirostris Twite LC VU
Loxia leucoptera Two-barred Crossbill LC LC
Hippolais languida Upcher's Warbler LC N/A
Strix uralensis Ural Owl LC LC
Melanitta fusca Velvet Scoter VU VU
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper LC LC
Anthus spinoletta Water Pipit LC LC
Phylloscopus bonelli Western Bonelli's Warbler LC LC
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie LC LC
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier LC LC
Curruca hortensis Western Orphean Warbler LC LC
Sitta neumayer Western Rock Nuthatch LC LC
Rallus aquaticus Western Water Rail LC LC
Motacilla flava Western Yellow Wagtail LC LC
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel LC LC
Saxicola rubetra Whinchat LC VU
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern LC LC
Ciconia ciconia White Stork LC LC
Motacilla alba White Wagtail LC LC
Zoothera aurea White's Thrush LC N/A
Dendrocopos leucotos White-backed Woodpecker LC LC
Halcyon smyrnensis White-breasted Kingfisher VU N/A
Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-petrel EN EN
Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck VU VU
Apus caffer White-rumped Swift NT NT
Pycnonotus xanthopygos White-spectacled Bulbul LC N/A
Vanellus leucurus White-tailed Lapwing LC N/A
Columba junoniae White-tailed Laurel-pigeon NT NT
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle LC LC
Cinclus cinclus White-throated Dipper LC LC
Irania gutturalis White-throated Robin LC N/A
Alauda leucoptera White-winged Lark LC N/A
Phoenicurus erythrogastrus White-winged Redstart NT N/A
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch LC LC
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern LC LC
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan LC LC
Lagopus lagopus Willow Grouse LC LC
Poecile montanus Willow Tit LC NT
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler LC LC
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper LC LC
Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler LC LC
Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike NT NT
Lullula arborea Woodlark LC LC
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater VU VU
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough LC LC
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon VU N/A
Emberiza aureola Yellow-breasted Bunting CR CR
Phylloscopus inornatus Yellow-browed Warbler LC N/A
Larus michahellis Yellow-legged Gull LC LC
Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer LC LC
Pterodroma madeira Zino's Petrel EN EN
Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola LC LC