011
North-east Mexican Gulf slope

Country/Territory Mexico
Area 100,000 km2
Altitude 0 - 1200m
Priority high
Habitat loss moderate
Knowledge good

General characteristics

This EBA embraces the Gulf of Mexico coastal plain of north-east Mexico in the states of Tamaulipas and northern Veracruz, and adjacent Nuevo Le

Restricted-range species

All four restricted-range species of the EBA are confined to it. Geothlypis flavovelata is restricted to freshwater marshes and reedbeds, but the other three occupy a variety of mainly forest habitats though they occur widely also in open country and agricultural land.


Species IUCN Category
Red-crowned Amazon (Amazona viridigenalis) EN
Tamaulipas Crow (Corvus imparatus) LC
Altamira Yellowthroat (Geothlypis flavovelata) VU
Crimson-collared Grosbeak (Caryothraustes celaeno) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
MX010 Tecolutla Mexico
MX042 Huayacocotla Mexico
MX045 Mountain of Abra-Tanchipa Mexico
MX067 Lagoon Mother Mexico
MX085 the sky Mexico
MX087 Hill of the Metate Mexico
MX088 Humedal South of Tamaulipas and North Veracruz Mexico
MX149 Center of Coastal Investigations La Mancha Mexico
MX150 Centro de Veracruz Mexico
MX230 Outlet River Soto The Marina Mexico
MX235 Delta del Río Bravo Mexico
MX236 Ranch The Colorado and influence area Mexico
MX249 Tlanchinol y bosques de montaña del noreste de Hidalgo Mexico

Threat and conservation

The natural habitats present within this EBA have been heavily modified in this now largely agricultural region where cattle-ranching is the predominant activity. Extensive areas of deciduous and semi-deciduous forest have become rare, and are mainly confined to the foothills on the western side of the EBA.

All of the restricted-range species appear to be able to persist in degraded lands. However, Amazona viridigenalis is considered threatened because it has gone from being a common and widespread species a few decades ago to being a generally rare bird today. The reason for this decline is a combination of extensive habitat loss and overexploitation for the cage-bird trade. The current wild population is judged to be 3,000-6,500 birds, and illegal trade continues, with no adequate protection of its habitat (E.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: North-east Mexican Gulf slope. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/07/2018.