Deciduous forest of Bahia

Country/Territory Brazil
Area 10,000 km2
Altitude 600 - 1000m
Priority urgent
Habitat loss severe
Knowledge incomplete

General characteristics

This EBA is located on the eastern edge of the interior of eastern Brazil in south-central Bahia and north-east Minas Gerais states. It is principally a gently rolling elevated region, which marks the continental divide between the wet forests of the Atlantic slope and the arid scrub of Brazil's interior caatinga region (Willis and Oniki 1981). The northern end of the Atlantic forest lowlands (EBA 075) is adjacent to this EBA. Within the rolling topography there are four major rivers: from north to south, Paragua

Restricted-range species

Both of the restricted-range species are confined to the dry deciduous forest. Formicivora iheringi forages by gleaning in foliage, along branches and in vine tangles mixed with dead leaves (Tobias et al. 1993, Ridgely and Tudor 1994), while the ground-dwelling Rhopornis ardesiaca prefers areas with a dense layer of terrestrial bromeliads (Willis and Oniki 1981).

Rhopornis ardesiaca has a smaller range than Formicivora iheringi, being restricted to south-east Bahia between the Paragua

Species IUCN Category
Narrow-billed Antwren (Formicivora iheringi) NT
Slender Antbird (Rhopornis ardesiacus) EN

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
BR095 Serra de Bonito Brazil
BR100 Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina Brazil
BR101 Jaguaquara Brazil
BR103 Jequié Brazil
BR105 Boa Nova / Serra da Ouricana Brazil
BR107 Vitória da Conquista Brazil
BR134 Fazenda Santana Brazil
BR138 Botumirim Brazil

Threat and conservation

Primary dry forest has been rapidly cleared for cattle pasture in central-southern Bahia, and much of the forest in north-east Minas Gerais and adjacent southern Bahia has been cleared for coffee plantations (Collar et al. 1992). Cleared slopes can be seen all around the vicinity of Boa Nova where both species occur, with natural habitats reduced to scattered fragments mostly on the hilltops (Whitney 1996). The remaining forest patches are highly disturbed by livestock and are also subject to continuous local exploitation of trees for firewood and fenceposts (Collar et al. 1992, Tobias et al. 1993).

With such high levels of forest clearance, both the restricted-range bird species are considered threatened. However, none of the EBA is currently under any official protection, in spite of various calls for the creation of a forest reserve of mata-de-cip

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Deciduous forest of Bahia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/07/2018.