Bolivian and Peruvian upper yungas

Country/Territory Bolivia,Peru
Area 35,000 km2
Altitude 1800 - 3700m
Priority urgent
Habitat loss moderate
Knowledge incomplete

General characteristics

The humid forests of the eastern slope of the Andes of south-east Peru, Bolivia and Argentina are known collectively as the yungas. This EBA embraces the higher-altitude yungas (largely 1,800-3,700

Restricted-range species

Most of the restricted-range species are typical of the montane evergreen forest. Some, however, such as the two hummingbirds (Aglaeactis pamela and Metallura aeneocauda) and the furnariids (Cranioleuca albiceps, C. marcapatae, Schizoeaca harterti and S.

Species IUCN Category
Stripe-faced Wood-quail (Odontophorus balliviani) LC
Scaled Metaltail (Metallura aeneocauda) LC
Black-hooded Sunbeam (Aglaeactis pamela) LC
Hooded Mountain-toucan (Andigena cucullata) LC
Black-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca melanotis) LC
Red-and-white Antpitta (Grallaria erythroleuca) LC
Rufous-faced Antpitta (Grallaria erythrotis) LC
Diademed Tapaculo (Scytalopus schulenbergi) LC
(Cranioleuca marcapatae) NR
Black-throated Thistletail (Asthenes harterti) LC
Puna Thistletail (Asthenes helleri) VU
Light-crowned Spinetail (Cranioleuca albiceps) LC
Scimitar-winged Piha (Lipaugus uropygialis) VU
Rufous-bellied Bush-tyrant (Myiotheretes fuscorufus) LC
Inca Wren (Pheugopedius eisenmanni) LC
Orange-browed Hemispingus (Kleinothraupis calophrys) LC
Parodi's Hemispingus (Kleinothraupis parodii) NT
Grey-bellied Flowerpiercer (Diglossa carbonaria) LC
Golden-collared Tanager (Iridosornis jelskii) LC
Yellow-scarfed Tanager (Iridosornis reinhardti) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
Bosques de Polylepis de Cotapata Bolivia
Florida Peru
Laguna de los Cóndores-Atuén Peru
Parque Nacional Río Abiseo Peru
Santa Cruz-Ollón Peru
UNIDA A ALTO MAYO - La Morada Peru
UNIDA A CARPISH - Cordillera de Carpish Peru
UNIDA A CARPISH - Quilluacocha y Bosque de Unchog Peru
UNIDA A PN MANU - Manu antes de unir Peru
UNIDA A PN MANU - Pillahuata Peru
BO007 Cuenca Cotacajes Bolivia
BO009 Bosque de Polylepis de Sanja Pampa Bolivia
BO010 Bosque de Polylepis de Mina Elba Bolivia
BO011 Bosque de Polylepis de Taquesi Bolivia
BO014 Yungas Superiores de Mosetenes y Cocapata Bolivia
BO015 Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba Bolivia
BO016 Yungas Superiores de Madidi Bolivia
BO032 Yungas Superiores de Amboró Bolivia
BO033 Yungas Superiores de Carrasco Bolivia
PE045 Chiguata Peru
PE074 Milpo Peru
PE076 Cordillera Yanachaga Peru
PE086 Cordillera Vilcabamba Peru
PE088 Santuario Histórico Machu Picchu Peru
PE089 Abra Málaga-Vilcanota Peru
PE094 Maruncunca Peru
PE096 Valcón Peru
PE112 Manu Peru

Threat and conservation

Large tracts of forest are still present in this EBA but in some parts, most notably at lower altitudes, there is land clearance for subsistence agriculture and cash crops (coca, coffee, tea), and logging which is being intensified by colonization and roadbuilding (Dinerstein et al. 1995). None of the bird species, however, is currently considered threatened.

There are several protected areas in Peru and Bolivia that hold some of this EBA's habitat. Probably the most important are, in Peru, the Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone (14,800 km2), which includes Manu National Park and Manu Reserved Zone (a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site), and, in Bolivia, Ambor

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Bolivian and Peruvian upper yungas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/02/2019.