|Altitude||600 - 2200m|
This EBA extends along the lower eastern slopes of the East Andes in southern Peru. It covers three apparently disjunct areas: the eastern slope of the mountains in Huánuco, Pasco (including the isolated Cerros del Sira) and northern Junín departments, from the southern end of the Huallaga river south into Junín (including the Cordillera Yanachaga); the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Vilcabamba into the Urubamba valley in Cuzco department (this area extends northwards due to records of restricted-range species in the Apurímac valley); and the slopes of the Cordillera Carabaya in Cuzco (and just into Madre de Dios), and along the length of the Inambari river in Puno to near the Bolivian border. South-east of the Inambari, this EBA abuts the Lower Bolivian yungas (EBA 054) with which a number of species are shared, and at higher altitudes it is adjacent to the Upper Bolivian yungas (EBA 055) in the south, and the Peruvian high Andes (EBA 051) in the north. The altitude of this EBA is primarily centred at 600-2,200 m in the upper tropical and subtropical zones, the vegetation being humid evergreen forest.Restricted-range species
All the restricted-range species are dependent on forest, some of the birds occurring in or restricted to secondary growth and forest edge. A wide range of altitudinal distributions is exhibited.
At least six species occur on the disjunct Cerros del Sira in the north of the EBA, with Tangara phillipsi endemic to the cerros, and Pauxi unicornis (the endemic subspecies koepckeae) present as a disjunct population from the Lower Bolivian yungas. Zimmerius cinereicapillus occurs (apparently) dis
|Black Tinamou (Tinamus osgoodi)||VU|
|Peruvian Piedtail (Phlogophilus harterti)||NT|
|Rufous-webbed Brilliant (Heliodoxa branickii)||LC|
|Green-and-white Hummingbird (Amazilia viridicauda)||LC|
|Cloudforest Screech-owl (Megascops marshalli)||NT|
|Creamy-bellied Antwren (Herpsilochmus motacilloides)||NT|
|Cerulean-capped Manakin (Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla)||LC|
|Yungas Manakin (Chiroxiphia boliviana)||LC|
|Red-billed Tyrannulet (Zimmerius cinereicapilla)||VU|
|Bolivian Tyrannulet (Zimmerius bolivianus)||LC|
|Slaty Tanager (Creurgops dentatus)||LC|
|Sira Tanager (Tangara phillipsi)||NT|
|Straw-backed Tanager (Tangara argyrofenges)||VU|
|IBA Code||Site Name||Country|
|Florida y Laguna Pomacochas||Peru|
|Sur de la Cordillera de Colán||Peru|
|UNIDA A ALTO MAYO - La Morada||Peru|
|UNIDA A CORDILLERA AZUL - Cordillera Azul antes de unir||Peru|
|UNIDA A PN MANU - Consuelo||Peru|
|UNIDA A PN MANU - Manu antes de unir||Peru|
|UNIDA A PN MANU - Pillahuata||Peru|
|UNIDA A PN MANU - San Pedro||Peru|
|PE088||Santuario Histórico Machu Picchu||Peru|
|PE110||Reserva Comunal El Sira||Peru|
The forest in this area still remains relatively intact, especially above 900 m (Collar et al. 1992), although there are extensive areas undergoing land clearance, agricultural conversion and logging, the effects of which are being amplified by road-building and human colonization (Dinerstein
The exceptionally poorly known Pauxi unicornis is genuinely localized and rare, and is considered threatened because of its vulnerability to hunting; there have been no records from this EBA since 1969. The widespread but threatened Golden-plumed Parakeet Leptosittaca branickii (Vulnerable) has been recorded towards the southern end of the EBA.
Reserves within the EBA which have habitat suitable for restricted-range species include Manu National Park (also a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site, 15,300 km2), embracing the northern part of the Cordillera Carabay and supporting populations of a number of threatened species (Wege and Long 1995), and the Apurímac Reserve Zone (16,700 km2) centred on the Cordillera Vilcabamba between the Apurimac and Urubamba.
BirdLife International (2020) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Peruvian East Andean foothills. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2020.