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This Secondary Area includes the mountains of south-east Thailand and the Cardamom and Elephant mountains in south-west Cambodia. It is defined by the range of the threatened Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana (classified as Vulnerable), which is found in evergreen forest above 700 m. It is represented by the race diversa in Thailand and nominate cambodiana in Cambodia, these two possibly being better treated as distinct species (McGowan et al. 1995). In Thailand, most of this Secondary Area is included in Namtok Phliu National Park and Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary, but there are no protected areas in this part of Cambodia. Despite the established protected areas, the partridge is believed to be threatened by forest loss and over-exploitation for food (Round 1988, McGowan et al. 1995).
Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
Threat and conservation
BirdLife International (2023) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Thailand-Cambodia mountains. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 30/03/2023.