Colombian East Andes

Country/Territory Colombia,Venezuela
Area 85,000 km2
Altitude 1000 - 4000m
Priority critical
Habitat loss major
Knowledge good

General characteristics

The East Andes run almost the length of Colombia, taking in the Sierra de Perij

Restricted-range species

The restricted-range birds occupy the full range of habitat-types from the upper tropical to temperate and p

Species IUCN Category
Helmeted Curassow (Pauxi pauxi) EN
Black-fronted Wood-quail (Odontophorus atrifrons) VU
Gorgeted Wood-quail (Odontophorus strophium) VU
Venezuelan Wood-quail (Odontophorus columbianus) NT
Colombian Grebe (Podiceps andinus) EX
(Coeligena bonapartei) NR
(Chlorostilbon poortmani) NR
(Oxypogon guerinii) NR
Orange-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus mavors) LC
Bronze-tailed Thornbill (Chalcostigma heteropogon) LC
Perija Metaltail (Metallura iracunda) EN
Coppery-bellied Puffleg (Eriocnemis cupreoventris) NT
Black Inca (Coeligena prunellei) VU
Blue-throated Starfrontlet (Coeligena helianthea) LC
Coppery Emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus) LC
Narrow-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon stenurus) LC
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris) EN
Bogota Rail (Rallus semiplumbeus) EN
Rusty-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca amazonina) VU
Brown-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura calliptera) VU
Recurve-billed Bushbird (Clytoctantes alixii) EN
Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa) VU
Tachira Antpitta (Grallaria chthonia) CR
Cundinamarca Antpitta (Grallaria kaestneri) EN
Hooded Antpitta (Grallaricula cucullata) VU
Perija Thistletail (Asthenes perijana) EN
Silvery-throated Spinetail (Synallaxis subpudica) LC
Apolinar's Wren (Cistothorus apolinari) EN
Niceforo's Wren (Thryophilus nicefori) CR
(Atlapetes albofrenatus) NR
Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius subalaris) EN
Grey-throated Warbler (Myiothlypis cinereicollis) NT
Turquoise Dacnis (Dacnis hartlaubi) VU
Fulvous-headed Tanager (Thlypopsis fulviceps) LC
Rufous-browed Conebill (Conirostrum rufum) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
Reserva Natural Privada Bosques de Macanal Colombia
CO007 Valle del Río Frío Colombia
CO071 Cerro Pintado (Serranía de Perijá) Colombia
CO072 Agua de la Virgen Colombia
CO073 Serranía de los Yariguíes Colombia
CO074 Bosques Secos del Valle del Río Chicamocha Colombia
CO075 Reserva Biológica Cachalú Colombia
CO076 Serranía de las Quinchas Colombia
CO077 Complejo Lacustre de Fúquene, Cucunubá y Palacio Colombia
CO078 Gravilleras del Valle del Río Siecha Colombia
CO079 Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza and surroundings Colombia
CO080 Humedales de la Sabana de Bogotá Colombia
CO084 Soatá Colombia
CO085 Laguna de Tota Colombia
CO171 Cerro La Judía Colombia
CO173 Parque Nacional Natural El Cocuy Colombia
CO176 Vereda Las Minas Colombia
CO178 Cerros Occidentales de Tabio y Tenjo Colombia
CO179 Cañón del Río Guatiquía Colombia
CO180 Bosques de la Falla del Tequendama Colombia
CO189 Parque Nacional Natural Tamá Colombia
VE017 Zona Protectora San Rafael de Guasare Venezuela
VE018 Parque Nacional Perijá (part of Serrania de Perija transboundary AZE) Venezuela
VE043 Parque Nacional El Tamá Venezuela

Threat and conservation

The forests and marshlands of the Colombian East Andes have been subjected to extensive degradation (Forero 1989, Collar et al. 1992), with progressive deforestation on the lower slopes, i.e. the lower montane humid forest (Wege and Long 1995). On the western slopes, the humid subtropical and temperate (primarily oak) forest at 1,500-2,500 m has been largely cleared for intensive crop cultivation and pastureland, although important fragments do still remain (see below). Even the dense, dry Acacia scrub that was the dominant vegetation along the Fonce river in the upper tropical zone on the western slope has been lost to widespread agriculture such as coffee plantations, pasture and arable. On the eastern side, the forest that once surrounded Laguna de Tota (at c.3,000

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Colombian East Andes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/02/2019.