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The French Mediterranean island of Corsica (covering 8,740 km2 and reaching 2,710 m) is a Secondary Area because of its one endemic species, Corsican Nuthatch Sitta whiteheadi, which numbers some 4,000-6,000 birds. The key habitat is coniferous mountain forest which today covers only 240 km2 of the island. The main threats are forest exploitation and burning, although there is no recent evidence of a significant reduction in the overall population or range of S. whiteheadi (Tucker and Heath 1994), which is classified as Near Threatened. Citril Finch Serinus citrinella exists on Corsica, Sardinia, Elba and off-lying islands as a very well-marked race corsicana, sometimes considered a separate species; if this taxonomic split is recognized, these islands, then with two endemic species, would qualify as an Endemic Bird Area.
Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
Threat and conservation
BirdLife International (2022) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Corsican mountains. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 03/10/2022.