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Levantine mountains

Country/Territory Israel,Jordan,Lebanon,Syria
Area 0 km2
Altitude 0 - 0m
Priority -
Habitat loss -
Knowledge -

General characteristics

This Secondary Area is determined by the range of Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus, which breeds in semi-arid Mediterranean woodland of cedar Cedrus and juniper Juniperus in the Anti-Lebanon mountains of Syria, Lebanon and Israel, and in the Sharrah highlands of Jordan. The greater part of its known breeding population lies within the Dana Nature Reserve in Jordan, which is an Important Bird Area (Evans 1994). During the winter it disperses to lower areas from south-east Turkey and north-west Iraq, south to Sinai. Remaining forest represents barely 5% of the original cover of this region as a result of centuries of clearance for agriculture and overexploitation for timber, and these same processes remain a threat to the forest which is left (WWF/IUCN 1994).

Restricted-range species


Species IUCN Category

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
Tannourine Nature Reserve Lebanon
Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh Lebanon
JO013 Dana Jordan
JO014 Petra Jordan
LB002 Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve Lebanon
LB003 Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve Lebanon
SY019 Abu Zad Syria
SY020 Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush Syria
SY023 Mount Hermon Syria

Threat and conservation


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Levantine mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/08/2017.