Cordillera de Mérida

Country/Territory Venezuela
Area 23,000 km2
Altitude 300 - 4000m
Priority critical
Habitat loss moderate
Knowledge good

General characteristics

The Cordillera de M

Restricted-range species

Most species occupy montane evergreen forest or its edges as well as secondary habitats, although some of the birds at lower altitudes are found in more open woodland and savanna. At higher altitudes, the birds tend to be associated with elfin forest, p

Species IUCN Category
Helmeted Curassow (Pauxi pauxi) EN
(Amazilia distans) NR
(Chlorostilbon poortmani) NR
(Chlorostilbon alice) NR
(Heliangelus spencei) NR
(Coeligena bonapartei) NR
(Oxypogon guerinii) NR
Orange-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus mavors) LC
Coppery-bellied Puffleg (Eriocnemis cupreoventris) NT
Narrow-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon stenurus) LC
Violet-chested Hummingbird (Sternoclyta cyanopectus) LC
Rusty-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca amazonina) VU
Red-eared Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoematotis) LC
Rose-headed Parakeet (Pyrrhura rhodocephala) LC
Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa) VU
Grey-naped Antpitta (Grallaria griseonucha) LC
Ochre-browed Thistletail (Asthenes coryi) LC
Merida Wren (Cistothorus meridae) LC
(Atlapetes albofrenatus) NR
Grey-throated Warbler (Myiothlypis cinereicollis) NT
White-fronted Whitestart (Myioborus albifrons) NT
Slaty-backed Hemispingus (Poospiza goeringi) VU
Grey-capped Hemispingus (Kleinothraupis reyi) NT
Fulvous-headed Tanager (Thlypopsis fulviceps) LC
Merida Flowerpiercer (Diglossa gloriosa) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
VE036 Parque Nacional Terepaima Venezuela
VE037 Parque Nacional Yacambú Venezuela
VE038 Dinira National Park and surrounding areas (Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Parque Nacional Dinira IBA) Venezuela
VE039 Parque Nacional Guaramacal Venezuela
VE040 Parque Nacional Sierra La Culata Venezuela
VE041 Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada Venezuela
VE042 Parque Nacional Páramos Batallón y La Negra and surrounding areas Venezuela
VE043 Parque Nacional El Tamá Venezuela
VE055 Parque Nacional Tapo-Caparo Venezuela

Threat and conservation

Some large tracts of forest still remain in a number of places, but deforestation has been severe elsewhere, with logging continuing to expand to higher areas. A major threat is the clearance of forests on the eastern slope of the EBA (e.g. in western Barinas state) for extensive cattle-ranching. The areas affected are public land (and some old coffee haciendas), with thousands of hectares cleared every year for this activity (C. J. Sharpe in litt. 1997). Agricultural colonization represents a significant threat, although many areas of p

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Cordillera de Mérida. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/12/2018.