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South Georgia (3,500 km2, maximum altitude 2,934 m), together with numerous offshore rocky islands (e.g. Bird Island), are isolated sub-Antarctic islands; characteristic vegetation includes tussock grassland and wet heath. The group is a UK dependent territory with the South Sandwich Islands. South Georgia is a Secondary Area because of one endemic landbird, South Georgia Pipit Anthus antarcticus, which breeds mainly on the rat-free offshore islands, notably Bird Island (which is also important for breeding seabirds, especially the Vulnerable Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans).
Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
Threat and conservation
BirdLife International (2022) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: South Georgia. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 25/01/2022.