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South Georgia

Country/Territory South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands
Area 0 km2
Altitude 0 - 0m
Priority -
Habitat loss -
Knowledge -

General characteristics

South Georgia (3,500 km2, maximum altitude 2,934 m), together with numerous offshore rocky islands (e.g. Bird Island), are isolated sub-Antarctic islands; characteristic vegetation includes tussock grassland and wet heath. The group is a UK dependent territory with the South Sandwich Islands. South Georgia is a Secondary Area because of one endemic landbird, South Georgia Pipit Anthus antarcticus, which breeds mainly on the rat-free offshore islands, notably Bird Island (which is also important for breeding seabirds, especially the Vulnerable Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans).

Restricted-range species


Species IUCN Category
South Georgia Pipit (Anthus antarcticus) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
South Georgia - mainland, islands, islets and stacks South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands

Threat and conservation


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: South Georgia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2022.