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Tobago lies 34 km north-east of Trinidad with which it forms a twin-island nation (see above). At just 295 km2, it is much the smaller island and is rugged, with a mountain ridge rising to 576 m running two-thirds of its length. White-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus ensipennis (classified as Vulnerable) which is present here is otherwise confined to mainland South America in the Caripe-Paria region (EBA 032). This hummingbird was formerly fairly common in the hill forest along the Main Ridge, but in 1963 Hurricane Flora was thought to have destroyed all suitable habitat. However, the population within the Main Ridge Forest Reserve appears to be re-establishing itself well, with birds recently found in forest at most stages of recovery (Collar et al. 1992, Hayes 1996).
Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
Threat and conservation
BirdLife International (2023) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Tobago. Downloaded from
http://datazone.birdlife.org/eba/factsheet/316 on 24/09/2023.