Netherlands Antilles

Country/Territory Aruba (to Netherlands),Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands),Curaçao (to Netherlands)
Area 0 km2
Altitude 0 - 0m
Priority -
Habitat loss -
Knowledge -

General characteristics

The three main islands of this Secondary Area, lying c.50 km off the north-west coast of Venezuela (see map, p. 182), are (from west to east) Aruba (175 km2), an overseas territory of the Netherlands, and Curaçao (425 km2) and Bonaire (272 km2), part of the Netherlands Antilles. The islands are generally covered (to a greater or lesser extent) in xerophytic vegetation, in which a wealth of cacti and thorny Acacia predominate, and the avifauna comprises fewer than 150 species of which c.40% are migratory non-breeders (Hummelinck 1957). Two restricted-range species are present: the threatened Yellow-shouldered Amazon Amazona barbadensis (Vulnerable, and occurring also in the adjacent mainland, EBA 035) and Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus (found throughout much of the Caribbean). A. barbadensis is now, in this Secondary Area, confined to Bonaire (where there are c.400 birds), and became extinct on Aruba (probably) during the 1940s (Collar et al. 1992); it is uncertain whether this parrot ever occurred on Curaçao or not. M. fuscatus is represented by an endemic subspecies, bonairensis, which appears to be almost exclusively confined to the vicinity of Fontein plantation on Bonaire, although it has occurred (but is now apparently extinct) on the Venezuelan island of La Horquilla of the Hermanos Islands (which lie north of Margarita Island and c.350 km east of Bonaire) (Hummelinck 1957).

Restricted-range species

Species IUCN Category
Yellow-shouldered Amazon (Amazona barbadensis) VU
Caribbean Elaenia (Elaenia martinica) LC
Pearly-eyed Thrasher (Margarops fuscatus) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
AN009 Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)
AN010 Dos Pos, Bonaire Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)
AN011 Washikemba - Fontein - Onima, Bonaire Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)
AN012 Klein Bonaire, Bonaire Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)
AN013 Lac Bay, Bonaire Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)
AN014 Pelkermeer Saltworks, Bonaire Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands)
AN015 North-east Curaçao parks and coast, Curaçao Curaçao (to Netherlands)
AN016 Malpais-St Michiel Curaçao (to Netherlands)
AN017 Muizenberg, Curaçao Curaçao (to Netherlands)
AN018 Jan Thiel Lagoon, Curaçao Curaçao (to Netherlands)
AN019 Klein Curaçao, Curaçao Curaçao (to Netherlands)
AW001 Bubali Wetlands Aruba (to Netherlands)
AW002 Tierra del Sol Salina Aruba (to Netherlands)
AW003 Oranjestad Reef Islands Aruba (to Netherlands)
AW004 San Nicolas Bay Reef Islands Aruba (to Netherlands)

Threat and conservation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Netherlands Antilles. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/09/2020.