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Politically part of Colombia, this 40-km2 island is situated in the Caribbean some 235 km east of the Nicaraguan coast and 100 km north of San Andrés Island (Secondary Area s013; see map, p. 135). Providence is volcanic with steep hills rising to 380 m, mostly forested or devoted to ranching (Hilty and Brown 1986). It has a single restricted-range species, Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris, which also occurs on Cuba (EBA 025), the Bahamas (EBA 026), Hispaniola (EBA 028) and the Cayman Islands (Secondary Area s014).
Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
Threat and conservation
BirdLife International (2021) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Providence Island. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2021.