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Banggai and Sula Islands

Country/Territory Indonesia
Area 7,200 km2
Altitude 0 - 1600m
Priority urgent
Habitat loss moderate
Knowledge incomplete

General characteristics

This Indonesian EBA includes Peleng and the Banggai Islands in Sulawesi Tengah province, and the Sula Islands (Taliabu, Mangole and Sanana) in western Maluku province. The islands are hilly, but the only significant area of land above 800

Restricted-range species

Until recently, the habitat requirements and conservation status of the restricted-range species were very poorly understood, but surveys of Taliabu (Davidson et al. 1995) and Peleng and the Banggai Islands (Indrawan et al. 1993) have added considerably to what is known. However, Indrawan et al. (1993) did not record Corvus unicolor (known by just two specimens believed to be from the island of Banggai; but see Collar et al. 1994) or Gymnocrex rosenbergii (known in this EBA by three specimens collected on Peleng). Tyto nigrobrunnea is only known from Taliabu by a single specimen collected in 1938 and a sighting in 1991 (Davidson et al. 1995).

All the other species are recorded from lowland forest, and some are also found in montane forest on Taliabu; one species, Rhipidura teysmanni, is much more common in montane than in lowland forest. Most of these birds can persist in secondary habitats, and some in all but the most degraded areas, including Coracina schistacea and C. sula (Davidson et al. 1995). Of the eight species confined to this EBA, four occur throughout, three are Sula Island endemics, and Corvus unicolor is known only from Banggai.

Sula Pitta Pitta dohertyi, which is confined to this EBA, was treated as a full species by Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993), but is here considered to be a form of the more widespread Red-bellied Pitta P.


Species IUCN Category
Sula Scrubfowl (Megapodius bernsteinii) VU
(Ptilinopus subgularis) NR
White Imperial-pigeon (Ducula luctuosa) LC
Blue-faced Rail (Gymnocrex rosenbergii) VU
Taliabu Masked-owl (Tyto nigrobrunnea) VU
(Trichoglossus flavoviridis) NR
(Loriculus amabilis) NR
Drab Whistler (Pachycephala griseonota) LC
Slaty Cuckooshrike (Coracina schistacea) LC
Sula Cicadabird (Edolisoma sula) LC
Rusty-bellied Fantail (Rhipidura teysmanni) LC
Banggai Crow (Corvus unicolor) CR
Helmeted Myna (Basilornis galeatus) NT
Bare-eyed Myna (Streptocitta albertinae) NT
(Geokichla erythronota) NR
Henna-tailed Jungle-flycatcher (Cyornis colonus) NT

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
ID176 Labobo - Bangkurung Indonesia
ID203 Taliabu Utara Indonesia
ID204 Pulau Seho Indonesia

Threat and conservation

Most of Taliabu retains forest cover, but large-scale logging of lowland forest has taken place, and some areas have been clear-felled for industrial timber production. Most forest below 800


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Banggai and Sula Islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/02/2019.