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Central Sichuan mountains

Country/Territory China (mainland)
Area 140,000 km2
Altitude 1500 - 3700m
Priority urgent
Habitat loss major
Knowledge incomplete

General characteristics

The Sichuan basin of central China is a fertile, densely populated region c.500

Restricted-range species

The restricted-range species-which include the monotypic endemic genus Latoucheornis-breed in coniferous, broadleaf and mixed broadleaf-coniferous forest in the temperate zone, mainly at c.1,800-3,650


Species IUCN Category
Rusty-breasted Tit (Poecile davidi) LC
Sooty Tit (Aegithalos fuliginosus) LC
Three-toed Parrotbill (Cholornis paradoxus) LC
Grey-hooded Parrotbill (Sinosuthora zappeyi) VU
Rusty-throated Parrotbill (Sinosuthora przewalskii) VU
Barred Laughingthrush (Garrulax lunulatus) LC
Snowy-cheeked Laughingthrush (Garrulax sukatschewi) VU
Red-winged Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron formosum) LC
Rufous-headed Robin (Larvivora ruficeps) EN
Blackthroat (Calliope obscura) VU
Slaty Bunting (Emberiza siemsseni) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
CN164 Lianhua Shan China (mainland)
CN165 Ganligahai-Zecha Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN167 Jonê China (mainland)
CN168 Min Shan mountains China (mainland)
CN169 Baishui Jiang Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN184 Baihe Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN185 Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN186 Wanglang Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN188 Xiaohegou Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN189 Tangjiahe Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN190 Micang Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN191 Xuebaoding Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN193 Piankou Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN196 Mengtun China (mainland)
CN197 Jiuding Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN198 Qianfoshan Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN199 Baishuihe Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN200 Longxi-Hongkou Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN201 Wolong Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN202 Anzihe Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN203 Heishuihe Nature Reserve (Dayi) China (mainland)
CN204 Fengtongzhai Qiaoqi China (mainland)
CN205 Labahe Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN206 Erlang Shan China (mainland)
CN207 Wawu Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN208 Emei Shan China (mainland)
CN209 Washan China (mainland)
CN212 Ma'an Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN213 Heizhugou Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN214 Dazhubao and Dafengding China (mainland)
CN218 Wahuishan Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN220 Yele Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN221 Liziping Nature Reserve China (mainland)
CN224 Beiping China (mainland)
CN297 Taibai Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland)

Threat and conservation

The main threat to this EBA is forest loss. Forest cover has declined rapidly in Sichuan since the late 1960s, because timber quotas have consistently been set above sustainable levels, and forest has been cleared for cultivation and pasture. The province's forest cover is estimated to have declined from 19% to 12.6% between the early 1950s and 1988, mature natural forest being particularly affected (Smil 1984, 1993). Five of the restricted-range bird species are listed as threatened because they have particularly small ranges, and are therefore most likely to be vulnerable to this loss of habitat. A more widespread threatened species which occurs in the EBA is Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola (classified as Vulnerable). The only known wild population of Crested Ibis Nipponia nippon (listed as Critical), a species which formerly ranged widely in eastern Asia, is in the foothills of the Qinling Shan.

The location and extent of this EBA closely matches the current distribution of giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca (MacKinnon et al. 1989), for, like the restricted-range birds, this mammal occurs in temperate-zone forests with a bamboo understorey. The 13 reserves which have been established for giant panda, and for other large mammals such as takin Budorcas taxicolor and golden monkey Rhinopithecus roxellanae, contain large areas of habitat suitable for the restricted-range birds of this EBA, although their distribution and abundance within these protected areas is poorly known. Omei Shan is protected by its status as one of China's five sacred mountains (Robson 1989), although development for tourism there is causing some localized forest loss (M.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Central Sichuan mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/08/2018.