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Pemba

Country/Territory Tanzania
Area 1,000 km2
Altitude 0 - 100m
Priority high
Habitat loss major
Knowledge incomplete

General characteristics

Pemba (lying c.40

Restricted-range species

Pemba qualifies as an EBA following the elevation of Treron (australis) pembaensis to full species status (Sibley and Monroe 1993), and of Otus (rutilus) pembaensis and Nectarinia (notata) pembae (Archer and Turner 1993).

Over much of Pemba the endemic species are widespread and common or locally common; both Zosterops vaughani and Nectarinia pembae have been recorded from the smaller offshore islands.


Species IUCN Category
Pemba Green-pigeon (Treron pembaensis) VU
Pemba Scops-owl (Otus pembaensis) VU
Pemba White-eye (Zosterops vaughani) LC
Pemba Sunbird (Cinnyris pembae) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
TZ076 Pemba Island Tanzania

Threat and conservation

Most of the original evergreen forest on Pemba has been destroyed, and the endemic species are judged to be Near Threatened, given this loss of habitat and their small ranges-despite the fact that all are common. Given the current human population density (estimated at c.280 per km2) and projected population increase over the next 20 years, the threat of deforestation on Pemba can only increase. The status of the endemic birds on the island should therefore be carefully monitored.

The largest area of forest now surviving is Ngezi Forest Reserve (14


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Pemba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/02/2018.