|Altitude||0 - 100m|
Pemba (lying c.40Restricted-range species
Pemba qualifies as an EBA following the elevation of Treron (australis) pembaensis to full species status (Sibley and Monroe 1993), and of Otus (rutilus) pembaensis and Nectarinia (notata) pembae (Archer and Turner 1993).
Over much of Pemba the endemic species are widespread and common or locally common; both Zosterops vaughani and Nectarinia pembae have been recorded from the smaller offshore islands.
|Pemba Green-pigeon (Treron pembaensis)||VU|
|Pemba Scops-owl (Otus pembaensis)||VU|
|Pemba White-eye (Zosterops vaughani)||LC|
|Pemba Sunbird (Cinnyris pembae)||LC|
|IBA Code||Site Name||Country|
Most of the original evergreen forest on Pemba has been destroyed, and the endemic species are judged to be Near Threatened, given this loss of habitat and their small ranges-despite the fact that all are common. Given the current human population density (estimated at c.280 per km2) and projected population increase over the next 20 years, the threat of deforestation on Pemba can only increase. The status of the endemic birds on the island should therefore be carefully monitored.
The largest area of forest now surviving is Ngezi Forest Reserve (14
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Pemba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/11/2018.