Jubba and Shabeelle valleys

Country/Territory Ethiopia,Kenya,Somalia
Area 35,000 km2
Altitude 0 - 800m
Priority urgent
Habitat loss unquantified
Knowledge poor

General characteristics

The middle reaches of the Shabeelle (or Shebele) river, the entire length of the Jubba and its tributaries and the area around lakes Chamo and Abaya in southern Somalia, south-east Ethiopia and extreme north-east Kenya constitute an EBA. The restricted-range birds are found in a variety of lowland habitats, mainly riverine. There is some geographical overlap between this EBA and the Kenyan and Tanzanian coastal forests (EBA 111) in the lower Jubba valley, but the birds of that EBA occur mainly in forest. There is also some geographical overlap between this EBA and the South Ethiopian highlands (EBA 114), but the birds of the latter occur at relatively high altitudes and are not riverine in distribution.

Restricted-range species

Two of the restricted-range species are widespread within the EBA: Streptopelia reichenowi is usually found in riparian woodland dominated by doum palms Hyphaene thebaica and fan palms on the banks and floodplains of large rivers, tending to avoid the adjacent dry Acacia woodland, but in Ethiopia it also ranges into drier vegetation a few kilometres from rivers (Urban et al. 1986, P.

Species IUCN Category
White-winged Collared-dove (Streptopelia reichenowi) NT
(Laniarius liberatus) NR
(Mirafra degodiensis) NR
Juba Weaver (Ploceus dichrocephalus) LC

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
ET057 Genale river Ethiopia
ET060 Lower Wabi Shebelle river and Warder Ethiopia
ET066 Dawa - Wachile Ethiopia
ET068 Bogol Manyo - Dolo Ethiopia
SO012 Buulobarde Somalia
SO014 Xawaadley reservoir Somalia
SO015 Jowhar - Warshiikh Somalia
SO016 Balcad Nature Reserve Somalia
SO021 Aangole - Farbiito Somalia
SO023 Far Waamo Somalia

Threat and conservation

Mirafra degodiensis and Laniarius liberatus are threatened because of their highly restricted distributions. Increased grazing pressure is a possible future threat to the habitat of M. degodiensis (Ash and Gullick 1990), and the vegetation in the area where L.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Jubba and Shabeelle valleys. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/06/2018.