United Kingdom

Party to the following agreements and conventions

Convention name Geographic scope National Parties / Signatories Convention Party / Signatory Range State
African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Regional 0
Agreement on the Convention of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP) Global 0
Barcelona Convention Regional 0
Bonn Agreement (environment) Regional 0
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Nairobi, 1992 Global 0
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas Global 0
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), Canberra, 1980 Global 0
Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Bern, 1979 Regional 0
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, (CMS), Bonn, 1979 Global 0
Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, (CITES), Washington DC, 1973 Global 0
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), New York, 1992 Global 0
Kyoto Protocol - greenhouse gas emission reductions Global 0
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, Ramsar, 1971 Global 0
UNESCO World Heritage Convention Global 0
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Global 0
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia Regional 0

Convention on Biological Diversity
BirdLife is the International Thematic Focal Point for birds to the Convention on Biological Diversity's Clearing-House Mechanism which aims to share knowledge and exchange information. For more information click here.

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention)
Many Important Bird Areas (IBAs) are designated, or potentially qualify for designation, as wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites) on the basis of their waterbird populations. This section presents data on those IBAs so far identified as potential Ramsar sites.

No of potential Ramsar sites 164
Fully recognised as Ramsar sites 53
Partially recognised 30
Not recognised 81
United Kingdom at a glance

Land area

243,610 km2

BirdLife Partner

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds


Total number of birds 268
Globally threatened birds 12
Country endemics 1

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 313
Total IBA area 28,574 km2
IBA area as % of land area 12%

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 1

Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2024) Country profile: United Kingdom. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/country/united-kingdom on 02/03/2024.