State of the world's birds case studies

State: What we know about the changing state of birds
Pressure: Why birds are declining
Response: What can be done to improve the status of birds

Key publications


  • Viada, C. (1998) Áreas Importantes para las Aves en España. Monografí­a 5. Madrid: Sociedad Española de Ornitologí­a and BirdLife.
  • de Juana, E. (ed) (1992) Áreas Importantes para las Aves en España. Monografía 3. Madrid: Sociedad Española de Ornitología
  • SEO/BirdLife (2005) Monitoring Common Breeding Birds in Spain - The Sacre Programme. SEO/BirdLife: Spain
  • European Commission (2014) National Summary for Article 12 2008-2012 Spain

Spain at a glance




505,370 km2

BirdLife Partner



Total number of birds 383
Globally threatened birds 21
Country endemics 8

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 469
Total IBA area 22,333,948 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 1

Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2021) Country profile: Spain. Available from Checked: 2021-10-28