State of the world's birds case studies

State: What we know about the changing state of birds
Response: What can be done to improve the status of birds

Key publications


  • Angehr, G. R. (2003) Directorio de áreas importantes para aves en Panamá - Directory of Important Bird Areas in Panama. Panamá: Panama Audubon Society, BirdLife International and Vogelbescherming Nederland. [In Spanish and English].

Panama at a glance


Panama City


75,420 km2

BirdLife Partner

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá


Total number of birds 884
Globally threatened birds 19
Country endemics 9

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 53
Total IBA area 2,501,046 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 7

Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2023) Country profile: Panama. Available from Downloaded: 2023-03-25