Kenya


536 km
112710 km2
6

Summary/History
Kenyan marine waters extends into the West Indian Ocean and the waters around the country support a number of coastal and seabirds species including the Caspian Tern (LC), Crab Plover (LC), Gull-billed Tern (LC), Lesser Crested Tern (LC), Masked Booby (LC), Roseate Tern (LC), Saunders Tern (LC) and Sooty Gull (LC). The Tana River Delta and Lamu areas are a hotspot for migratory seabirds from Europe and Asia in the Austral summer.

Key threats to seabirds in Kenya include: o

National priorities
o Develop conservation policies for protection of the high seas beyond the EEZ o

Government's support/relevant policy
In Kenya the land 150km inland from the HWM outwards is currently defined as a coastal zone. Kenya is a Contracting Party of the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region which covers the coastal environment and EEZ of Kenya. As part of the Convention Kenya agreed to the Protocol Concerning Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora in the Eastern African Region. The Protocol lists species which are protected under the convention and urges Kenya and other Contracting Parties to Please see policy tab for list of agreements that this country is party to.




Albatrosses
0
Penguins
0
Petrels and shearwaters
2
Cormorants
1

Storm-petrels
1
Auks
0
Gulls and terns
19
Ducks, geese and swans
0


IUCN Red List Status

0
0
1 (161st)
4% (175th)
0
0
1
0
30
0

The numbers in brackets refer to the country's rank when compared to other countries and territories globally.

References
o Feare, C.J. 1984. Seabird status and conservation in the tropical Indian Ocean. Chap. 26, p. 457-471. In: Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. and Schreiber, R.W. (eds.) Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2.
o Fishpool, L.D.C. & Evans, M.I. (eds). 2001. Important Bird Areas in Africa and related islands: priority sites for conservation. Pisces Publications and Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series 11). Newbury and Cambridge. 1144pp.
o Musangu M.M. (2012). are priority sites for shorebird and seabird conservation adequately represented in kenya's MPAs? Masters thesis submitted to the International institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation.
o Britton, P. L. and Brown, L. H. (1971), BREEDING SEA-BIRDS AT THE KIUNGA ISLANDS, KENYA. Ibis, 113: 364

Kenya at a glance

Capital

Nairobi

Area

580,367 km2

BirdLife Partner

NatureKenya

Species

Total number of birds 1,056
Globally threatened birds 43
Country endemics 11

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 68
Total IBA area 6,650,062 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 8



Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2020) Country profile: Kenya. Available from http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/kenya. Checked: 2020-05-29