Ireland


1448 km
674850 km2
35

Summary/History
Ireland is an island nation sitting in the North Atlantic giving a large coastline and a number of seabird interests. There is very little data on the distribution of pelagic seabirds around the Irish Seas, with the exception of reports produced by the UK-JNCC and mapping of foraging terns around the largest colonies. BirdLife

National priorities
o Review data to hand, from JNCC reports, 2009-2010 research cruises and offshore windfarm EIAs, then establish a national database of seabirds at sea information

o Apply Global and Regional IBA Criteria to the above to identify target areas for boundary definition

o The FAME project (2010-2012) has provided foraging area and range data from GPS-tag deployment on 4 key species (Shag, Kittiwake, Guillemot and Razorbill), each representing a particular foraging guild

o FAME has also delivered coordinated seawatches for the Critically Endangered Balearic Shearwaters during late summer and autumn and this could identify other non-breeding or bottleneck marine IBAs for this and other migratory seabird species

o A new census of all Ireland

Government's support/relevant policy
93% of all the IBAs already declared based on breeding seabird species are also designated as SPAs. To date there has been no government led initiative to monitor numbers and productivity seabirds on a systematic, annual basis nor identify and designate seabird MPAs under the EU Birds Directive. However, the government has supported projects such as the Seabird 2000 project with funding and in 2009-10 collaborated with BWI to gather seabird data on cruises at the western margins of the Irish Atlantic EEZ. Please see policy tab for list of agreements that this country is party to.




Albatrosses
0
Penguins
0
Petrels and shearwaters
5
Cormorants
2

Storm-petrels
2
Auks
6
Gulls and terns
17
Ducks, geese and swans
8


IUCN Red List Status

1
0
7 (31st)
13% (65th)
1
0
6
2
44
0

The numbers in brackets refer to the country's rank when compared to other countries and territories globally.

References
o Chivers, L.S., Lundy, M.G., Colhoun, K., Newton, S.F., Houghton, J.D.R. & Reid, N. 2012. Foraging trip time-activity budgets and reproductive success in the black-legged kittiwake. Marine Ecology Progress Series 456: 269-277.

o Chivers, L.S., Lundy, M.G., Colhoun, K., Newton, S.F., Houghton, J.D.R. & Reid, N. (2012). Species distribution models that predict important areas to seabirds demonstrate the need for mobile Marine Protected Areas. Manuscript for submission.

o Crowe, O., Tierney, N. & Wheeldon, R. 2009. Distribution, Extent and Status of Ireland

Ireland at a glance

Capital

Dublin

Area

70,273 km2

BirdLife Partner

BirdWatch Ireland

Species

Total number of birds 209
Globally threatened birds 9
Country endemics 0

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 105
Total IBA area 570,203 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 0



Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2022) Country profile: Ireland. Available from http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/ireland. Checked: 2022-08-11