Hong Kong (China)


733 km
0 km2
1

Summary/History
Hong Kong is located on China's southern coastline, and is effectively surrounded by the South China Sea. It includes several large, inhabited islands, including Hong Kong Island and Lantau Island, as well as more than 200 offshore islands. Seabirds migrate past Hong Kong in substantial numbers during Spring (March

National priorities
The priority species for survey and for marine IBA description in Hong Kong are the Aleutian Tern (regional endemic), Christmas Island Frigatebird (CR), Chinese Crested Term (CR), Black-Naped Tern (regional endemic), Black-tailed Gull (regional endemic), and the other noddy and tern species that migrate through the region and can act as indicator species.
Specific priorities for Hong Kong comprise:
o Determining the location of the key migration areas
o Assessing the likely key areas to be affected by offshore wind farms, and which may be sited in seabird flyways
o Improving knowledge of seabirds present in offshore areas
o Increasing knowledge amongst fishermen, yachts and container vessels of seabird identification by using identification sheets
o Searching for Chinese Crested Terns on islands and gathering historical records of the species
o Survey islands during non-breeding season to establish seabird numbers, particularly Aleutian Terns (LC)
o Agree on a course of action with regard to Black-tailed Gull in conjunction with other southeast Asian countries

Government's support/relevant policy
The Marine Parks Ordinance is responsible for the designation, control and management of the four small marine parks and single marine reserve in Hong Kong that currently total just over 24 km Please see policy tab for list of agreements that this country is party to.




Albatrosses
0
Penguins
0
Petrels and shearwaters
0
Cormorants
1

Storm-petrels
0
Auks
1
Gulls and terns
8
Ducks, geese and swans
0


IUCN Red List Status

0
0
3 (94th)
24% (17th)
0
0
3
0
10
0

The numbers in brackets refer to the country's rank when compared to other countries and territories globally.

References
BirdLife International (2010). 1st Asian Marine IBA Workshop Report. Held 14-16 April 2010, JICA Chikyu-hiroba, Tokyo, Japan. BirdLife International internal report.
Carey, G. J., Chalmers, M. L., Diskin, D. A., Kennerley, P. R., Leader, P. J., Leven, M. R., Lewthwaite, R. W., Melville, D. S., Turnbull, M. and Young, L. 2001. The Avifauna of Hong Kong. Hong Kong Bird Watching Society. Hong Kong
The Hong Kong Bird Watching Society. 2006. Seabird migration survey in southern and south-eastern Hong Kong, spring 2006 (ECF Project 2005-10). Unpublished report by the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society. The Hong Kong Bird Watching Society Limited. Hong Kong

Hong Kong (China) at a glance

Capital

n/a

Area

1,104 km2

BirdLife Partner

Hong Kong Bird Watching Society

Species

Total number of birds 219
Globally threatened birds 21
Country endemics 0

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 2
Total IBA area 6,465 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 0



Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2022) Country profile: Hong Kong (China). Available from http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/hong-kong-china. Checked: 2022-09-26