State of the world's birds case studies

Introduction: The importance of birds to biodiversity
State: What we know about the changing state of birds
Pressure: Why birds are declining
Response: What can be done to improve the status of birds

Key publications


  • Freile, J.F. and Santander, T. (eds) (2005) Áreas Importantes para la Conservación de las Aves en Ecuador [Important Bird Areas in Ecuador]. Quito: Aves y Conservación (Corporación Ornitiológica del Ecuador), BirdLife International, Conservación Internacional y Ministerio del Ambiente de Ecuador. [In Spanish]
  • Yépez, I., Devenish, C. and Clay, R. P. (2010) Important Bird Areas in the Amazon Basin. Quito: BirdLife International Americas Secretariat.
  • BirdLife International and Conservation International (2005) Áreas Importantes para la Conservación de las Aves en los Andes Tropicales: sitios prioritarios para la conservacíon de la biodiversidad [Important Bird Areas in the Tropical Andes: priority sites for biodiversity conservation]. Quito: BirdLife International. [In Spanish]

Ecuador at a glance




283,561 km2

BirdLife Partner

Aves y Conservacion / Fundación Jocotoco


Total number of birds 1,624
Globally threatened birds 83
Country endemics 42

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

Number of IBAs 109
Total IBA area 9,278,372 ha

Endemic Bird Areas

Number of EBAs 9

Recommended Citation
BirdLife International (2023) Country profile: Ecuador. Available from Downloaded: 2023-06-01